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  S-Layers

Engelhardt, H. (2016). S-Layers. In eLS (pp. 1-12). Wiley.

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 Creators:
Engelhardt, Harald1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Baumeister, Wolfgang / Molecular Structural Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565142              

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 Abstract: Microbial surface layer (S-layer) proteins assemble into two-dimensional (2D) crystalline lattices on the cell surface of many species of Archaea and Bacteria and represent the outermost cell wall component, except for the existence of a carbohydrate capsule. Despite their widespread occurrence, the function of S-layers remained obscure. Analysing the S-layer structure on the one hand and the interaction of the 2D crystal with the underlying cell membrane on the other, reveals the S-layers' cell wall function and the mechanism of cell stabilisation in Archaea. This basic function is not obvious in Bacteria. Here, experimental data suggest a major role in mediating and controlling interactions of S-layers with the microbes' environment. The hybrid functional role of S-layers will be understood more clearly if structural research is combined with the investigation of S-layer interactions with the adjacent cell envelope components and the complex environmental factors.

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 Dates: 2016
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0021936
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Title: eLS
Source Genre: Book
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Publ. Info: Wiley
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1 - 12 Identifier: -