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  A bobcat burial and other reported intentional animal burials from Illinois Hopewell Mounds

Perri, A. R., Martin, T. J., & Farnsworth, K. B. (2015). A bobcat burial and other reported intentional animal burials from Illinois Hopewell Mounds. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 40(3), 282-301. doi:10.1179/2327427115Y.0000000007.

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Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology

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 Creators:
Perri, Angela R.1, Author              
Martin, Terrance J., Author
Farnsworth, Kenneth B., Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Max Planck Society, ou_1497673              

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Free keywords: animal burial, bobcat, Illinois Hopewell, Lynx rufus, Middle Woodland
 Abstract: The Elizabeth site is a bluff-top mortuary mound group constructed and primarily used during Hopewellian (Middle Woodland) times. Recent reanalysis of nonhuman skeletal remains from the site reveals that an intentional burial previously identified as a dog (Canis familiaris) is actually an immature bobcat (Lynx rufus). As a result of this discovery, we reevaluated eight other purported animal burials from Illinois Middle Woodland mounds, including seven dogs and a roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja). The dogs all appear to be intrusive or unrelated burial events, but both the bobcat and the roseate spoonbill were definite Hopewellian mortuary interments. The roseate spoonbill was decapitated and placed beside a double human burial. But the bobcat was a separate, human-like interment wearing a necklace of shell beads and effigy bear canine teeth (Figures and ). To our knowledge, this is the only decorated wild cat burial in the archaeological record. It provides compelling evidence for a complex relationship between felids and humans in the prehistoric Americas, including possible taming.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2015
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1179/2327427115Y.0000000007
 Degree: -

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Title: Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 40 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 282 - 301 Identifier: ISBN: 0146-1109