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  Oxygen Reduction and Proton Translocation by the Heme-Copper Oxidases

Wikström, M., Morgan, J. E., Hummer, G., Woodruff, W. H., & Verkhovsky, M. I. (1999). Oxygen Reduction and Proton Translocation by the Heme-Copper Oxidases. In S. Papa, F. Guerrieri, & J. M. Tager (Eds.), Frontiers of Cellular Bioenergetics: Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, and Physiopathology (pp. 193-217). New York: Springer.

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 Creators:
Wikström, Mårten1, Author
Morgan, Joel E.1, Author
Hummer, Gerhard2, Author              
Woodruff, William H.1, Author
Verkhovsky, Michael I.1, Author
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Theoretical Biology and Biophysics Group, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Cytochrome Oxidase, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance, Output Position, Oxygen Reduction, Resonance Raman
 Abstract: Cytochrome c oxidase (EC 1.9.3.1), the oxygen-reducing member of the respiratory chains of mitochondria and several aerobic bacteria, catalyzes flux of reducing equivalents to the highly oxidizing O2-H2O couple and conserves energy as a proton-motive force. These enzymes are members of a large family of related heme-copper oxidases; others are the hydroquinone oxidases, of which cytochrome bo 3 of Escherichia coli is the best characterized. Apart from the intriguing catalysis of O2 reduction to water, this class of enzymes conserves energy by vectorial functioning as proton and electrical charge trans locators. This leads to primary conservation of respiratory redox energy as an electrochemical proton gradient across the mitochondrial or bacterial membrane, which is secondarily utilized as the driving force for the oxidative synthesis of ATP (Mitchell, 1966). Before the elucidation of the crystal structures of cytochrome c oxidase from Paracoccus denitrificans (Iwata et al., 1995) and bovine heart mitochondria (Tsukihara et al., 1995, 1996), the heme-copper oxidases have been the subject of many review articles, which have highlighted their functional (Malmström, 1990a,b; Cooper, 1990; Chan and Li, 1990; Wilson and Bickar, 1991; Rich, 1991; Babcock and Wikström, 1992), structural (Capaldi, 1990; Saraste, 1990; Saraste et al., 1991; Gennis, 1992; Haltia and Wikström, 1992; Hosler et al., 1993), and evolutionary aspects (Kadenbach et al., 1987, 1991; Castresana et al., 1995; Saraste et al., 1996). The present account is not intended as a review.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 19991999
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 25
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4615-4843-0_9
BibTex Citekey: wikstrom_oxygen_1999
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers of Cellular Bioenergetics: Molecular Biology, Biochemistry, and Physiopathology
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Papa, Sergio, Editor
Guerrieri, Ferruccio, Editor
Tager, Joseph M., Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: New York : Springer
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 2 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 193 - 217 Identifier: ISBN: 978-1-4613-7196-0
ISBN: 978-1-4615-4843-0