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Search for Continuous Gravitational Waves from Scorpius X-1 in LIGO O2 Data

Zhang, Y., Papa, M. A., Krishnan, B., & Watts, A. L. (2021). Search for Continuous Gravitational Waves from Scorpius X-1 in LIGO O2 Data. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 906(2): L14. doi:10.3847/2041-8213/abd256.

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Creators:
Zhang, Yuanhao1, Author
Papa, Maria Alessandra1, Author
Watts , Anna L., Author
Affiliations:
1Searching for Continuous Gravitational Waves, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_2630691
2Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011

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Free keywords: Astrophysics, High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, astro-ph.HE,General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, gr-qc
Abstract: We present the results of a search in LIGO O2 public data for continuous gravitational waves from the neutron star in the low-mass X-ray binary Scorpius X-1. We search for signals with $\approx$ constant frequency in the range 40-180 Hz. Thanks to the efficiency of our search pipeline we can use a long coherence time and achieve unprecedented sensitivity, significantly improving on existing results. This is the first search that has been able to probe gravitational wave amplitudes that could balance the accretion torque at the neutron star radius. Our search excludes emission at this level between 67.5 Hz and 131.5 Hz, for an inclination angle $44^\circ \pm 6^\circ$ derived from radio observations (Fomalont et al. 2001), and assuming that the spin axis is perpendicular to the orbital plane. If the torque arm is $\approx$ 26 km -- a conservative estimate of the \alfven\ radius -- our results are more constraining than the indirect limit across the band. This allows us to exclude certain mass-radius combinations and to place upper limits on the strength of the star's magnetic field. We also correct a mistake that appears in the literature in the equation that gives the gravitational wave amplitude at the torque balance (Abbott et al. 2017b, 2019a) and we re-interpret the associated latest LIGO/Virgo results in light of this.

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Dates: 2020-11-092021
Publication Status: Published in print
Pages: 12 pages, 4 figures
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Rev. Type: -
Identifiers: arXiv: 2011.04414
DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/abd256
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Title: The Astrophysical Journal Letters
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 906 (2) Sequence Number: L14 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -