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  You had me at “Hello”: Rapid extraction of dialect information from spoken words

Scharinger, M., Monahan, P. J., & Idsardi, W. J. (2011). You had me at “Hello”: Rapid extraction of dialect information from spoken words. NeuroImage, 56(4), 2329-2338. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.04.007.

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 Creators:
Scharinger, Mathias1, Author              
Monahan, Philip J., Author
Idsardi, William J., Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634548              

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Free keywords: Speaker identity; Dialect perception; Cerebral voice areas; Mismatch; Negativity (MMN); Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
 Abstract: Research on the neuronal underpinnings of speaker identity recognition has identified voice-selective areas in the human brain with evolutionary homologues in non-human primates who have comparable areas for processing species-specific calls. Most studies have focused on estimating the extent and location of these areas. In contrast, relatively few experiments have investigated the time-course of speaker identity, and in particular, dialect processing and identification by electro- or neuromagnetic means. We show here that dialect extraction occurs speaker-independently, pre-attentively and categorically. We used Standard American English and African-American English exemplars of ‘Hello’ in a magnetoencephalographic (MEG) Mismatch Negativity (MMN) experiment. The MMN as an automatic change detection response of the brain reflected dialect differences that were not entirely reducible to acoustic differences between the pronunciations of ‘Hello’. Source analyses of the M100, an auditory evoked response to the vowels suggested additional processing in voice-selective areas whenever a dialect change was detected. These findings are not only relevant for the cognitive neuroscience of language, but also for the social sciences concerned with dialect and race perception.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-03-222010-10-292011-04-042011-04-122011-06-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.04.007
 Degree: -

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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 56 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2329 - 2338 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166