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  Effects of musicality and motivational orientation on auditory perceptual category learning: A test of a regulatory-fit hypothesis

McAuley, J. D., Henry, M., Wedd, A., Pleskac, T. J., & Cesario, J. (2012). Effects of musicality and motivational orientation on auditory perceptual category learning: A test of a regulatory-fit hypothesis. Memory & Cognition, 40(2), 231-251. doi:10.3758/s13421-011-0146-4.

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McAuley_2012_Effects.pdf (Publisher version), 638KB
 
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 Creators:
McAuley, J. Devin1, Author
Henry, Molly1, 2, Author           
Wedd, Alan1, Author
Pleskac, Timothy J. 1, Author
Cesario, Joseph1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634548              

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Free keywords: Perception; Individual differences; Music cognition
 Abstract: Two experiments investigated the effects of musicality and motivational orientation on auditory category learning. In both experiments, participants learned to classify tone stimuli that varied in frequency and duration according to an initially unknown disjunctive rule; feedback involved gaining points for correct responses (a gains reward structure) or losing points for incorrect responses (a losses reward structure). For Experiment 1, participants were told at the start that musicians typically outperform nonmusicians on the task, and then they were asked to identify themselves as either a “musician” or a “nonmusician.” For Experiment 2, participants were given either a promotion focus prime (a performance-based opportunity to gain entry into a raffle) or a prevention focus prime (a performance-based criterion that needed to be maintained to avoid losing an entry into a raffle) at the start of the experiment. Consistent with a regulatory-fit hypothesis, self-identified musicians and promotion-primed participants given a gains reward structure made more correct tone classifications and were more likely to discover the optimal disjunctive rule than were musicians and promotion-primed participants experiencing losses. Reward structure (gains vs. losses) had inconsistent effects on the performance of nonmusicians, and a weaker regulatory-fit effect was found for the prevention focus prime. Overall, the findings from this study demonstrate a regulatory-fit effect in the domain of auditory category learning and show that motivational orientation may contribute to musician performance advantages in auditory perception.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 201120112011-10-182012-02-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3758/s13421-011-0146-4
PMID: 22006580
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Title: Memory & Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Psychonomic Society Inc.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 40 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 231 - 251 Identifier: ISSN: 0090-502X
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925461133