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  Imagery of errors in typing

Rieger, M., Martinez, F., & Wenke, D. (2011). Imagery of errors in typing. Cognition, 121(2), 163-175. doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2011.07.005.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-10A8-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-C2FD-6
Genre: Journal Article

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Rieger, Martinez, Wenke - online.pdf (Preprint), 365KB
 
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 Creators:
Rieger, Martina1, 2, 3, Author              
Martinez, Fanny3, Author
Wenke, Dorit2, 4, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychology, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
2Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, Leipzig, DE, ou_634564              
3Department of Psychology, Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychology, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Motor imagery; Typing; Errors; Forward models
 Abstract: Using a typing task we investigated whether insufficient imagination of errors and error corrections is related to duration differences between execution and imagination. In Experiment 1 spontaneous error imagination was investigated, whereas in Experiment 2 participants were specifically instructed to imagine errors. Further, in Experiment 2 we manipulated correction instructions (whether or not to correct errors) and controlled for visual feedback in executed typing (letters appearing on the screen or not). Participants executed and imagined typing proverbs of different lengths. Errors and error corrections explained a significant amount of variance of execution minus imagination differences in Experiment 1, and in Experiment 2 when participants were instructed to correct errors, but not when participants were instructed not to correct errors. In Experiment 2 participants corrected and reported more errors with than without visual feedback. However, the relation between execution − imagination duration differences and errors and error corrections was unaffected by visual feedback. The types of errors reported less often in imagination than in execution were related to processes in typing execution. We conclude that errors and error corrections are not spontaneously imagined during motor imagery, and that even when attention is drawn to their occurrence only some are imagined. This may be due to forward models not predicting all aspects of an action, imprecise forward models, or a neglect of monitoring error signals during motor imagery.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-08-062011-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.cognition.2011.07.005
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Title: Cognition
  Other : Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 121 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 163 - 175 Identifier: ISSN: 0010-0277
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925391298