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  The mental lexicon is fully specified: Evidence from eye-tracking

Mitterer, H. (2011). The mental lexicon is fully specified: Evidence from eye-tracking. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 37(2), 496-513. doi:10.1037/a0020989.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-415E-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-4164-7
Genre: Journal Article

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Mitterer_The_Mental_Lexicon_JEP_Hum_Pecep_Perform_2011.pdf (Publisher version), 444KB
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Mitterer, Holger1, 2, Author              
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1Mechanisms and Representations in Comprehending Speech, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_55215              
2Language Comprehension Department, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, ou_792550              

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 Abstract: Four visual-world experiments, in which listeners heard spoken words and saw printed words, compared an optimal-perception account with the theory of phonological underspecification. This theory argues that default phonological features are not specified in the mental lexicon, leading to asymmetric lexical matching: Mismatching input ("pin") activates lexical entries with underspecified coronal stops ('tin'), but lexical entries with specified labial stops ('pin') are not activated by mismatching input ("tin"). The eye-tracking data failed to show such a pattern. Although words that were phonologically similar to the spoken target attracted more looks than unrelated distractors, this effect was symmetric in Experiment 1 with minimal pairs ("tin"- "pin") and in Experiments 2 and 3 with words with an onset overlap ("peacock" - "teacake"). Experiment 4 revealed that /t/-initial words were looked at more frequently if the spoken input mismatched only in terms of place than if it mismatched in place and voice, contrary to the assumption that /t/ is unspecified for place and voice. These results show that speech perception uses signal-driven information to the fullest, as predicted by an optimal perception account.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 200920102011
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1037/a0020989
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Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington : American Psychological Association
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 37 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 496 - 513 Identifier: ISSN: 0096-1523
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927546243