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  Representing others' actions: The role of expertise in the aging mind

Diersch, N., Cross, E. S., Stadler, W., Schütz-Bosbach, S., & Rieger, M. (2012). Representing others' actions: The role of expertise in the aging mind. Psychological Research, 76(4), 525-541. doi:10.1007/s00426-011-0404-x.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-168D-7 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-CD3C-4
Genre: Journal Article

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Diersch_2012_Representing.pdf (Publisher version), 483KB
 
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 Creators:
Diersch, Nadine1, 2, Author              
Cross, Emily S.3, 4, 5, Author              
Stadler, Waltraud3, 6, Author              
Schütz-Bosbach, Simone1, Author              
Rieger, Martina3, 7, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Body and Self, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634554              
2MaxNetAging Research School, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              
4Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behaviour, Radboud University, Nijmegen, the Netherlands, ou_persistent22              
5Wales Institute for Cognitive Neuroscience, Bangor University, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
6Movement Science Unit, Department of Sport and Health Science, TU Munich, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: A large body of evidence suggests that action execution and action observation share a common representational domain. To date, little is known about age-related changes in these action representations that are assumed to support various abilities such as the prediction of observed actions. The purpose of the present study was to investigate (a) how age affects the ability to predict the time course of observed actions; and (b) whether and to what extent sensorimotor expertise attenuates age-related declines in prediction performance. In a first experiment, older adults predicted the time course of familiar everyday actions less precisely than younger adults. In a second experiment, younger and older figure skating experts as well as age-matched novices were asked to predict the time course of figure skating elements and simple movement exercises. Both young age and sensorimotor expertise had a positive influence on prediction performance of figure skating elements. The expertise-related benefit did not show a transfer to movement exercises. Together, the results suggest a specific decline of action representations in the aging mind. However, extensive sensorimotor experience seems to enable experts to represent actions from their domain of expertise more precisely even in older age.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-12-052011-12-242012-07-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s00426-011-0404-x
PMID: 22198511
Other: Epub 2011
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Title: Psychological Research
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Berlin : Springer-Verlag
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 76 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 525 - 541 Identifier: ISSN: 0340-0727
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925518603_1