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  Mapping thalamocortical network pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy

Bernhardt, B. C., Bernasconi, N., Kim, H., & Bernasconi, A. (2012). Mapping thalamocortical network pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy. Neurology, 78(2), 129-136. doi:10.1212/WNL.0b013e31823efd0d.

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 Creators:
Bernhardt, Boris C.1, Author              
Bernasconi, N.1, Author
Kim, H.1, Author
Bernasconi, A.1, Author
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1Neuroimaging of Epilepsy Laboratory, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, ou_persistent22              

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 Abstract: Objective Although experimental work has provided evidence that the thalamus is a crucial relay structure in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), the relation of the thalamus to neocortical pathology remains unclear. To assess thalamo-cortical network pathology in TLE, we mapped point-wise patterns of thalamic atrophy and statistically related them to neocortical thinning. Methods We studied cross-sectionally 36 patients with drug-resistant TLE and 19 age-and sex-matched healthy controls using high-resolution MRI. To localize thalamic pathology, we converted manual labels into surface meshes using the spherical harmonic description and calculated local deformations relative to a template. In addition, we measured cortical thickness by means of the Constrained Laplacian Anatomic Segmentation using Proximity (CLASP) algorithm. Results. Compared to controls, TLE patients showed ipsilateral thalamic atrophy that was located along the medial surface, encompassing anterior, medial, and posterior divisions. Unbiased analysis correlating the degree of medial thalamic atrophy with cortical thickness measurements mapped bilateral fronto-central, lateral temporal and mesiotemporal cortices. These areas overlapped with those of cortical thinning found when comparing patients to controls. Thalamic atrophy intensified with a longer duration of epilepsy and was more severe in patients a history of febrile convulsions. Conclusion. The degree and distribution of thalamic pathology relates to the topography and extent of neocortical atrophy, lending support to the concept that the thalamus is an important hub in the pathological network of TLE.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-08-312011-12-282012-01-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31823efd0d
PMID: 22205759
Other: Epub 2011
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Title: Neurology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 78 (2) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 129 - 136 Identifier: ISSN: 0028-3878
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925246073