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  Self-reflection and the temporal focus of the wandering mind

Smallwood, J., Schooler, J. W., Turk, D. J., Cunningham, S. J., Burns, P., & Macrae, C. N. (2011). Self-reflection and the temporal focus of the wandering mind. Consciousness and Cognition, 20(4), 1120-1126. doi:10.1016/j.concog.2010.12.017.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-1C41-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-CC13-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Smallwood, Jonathan1, Author              
Schooler, Jonathan W.2, Author
Turk, David J.3, Author
Cunningham, Sheila J.3, Author
Burns, Phebe3, Author
Macrae, C. Neil3, Author
Affiliations:
1Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              
2Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California Santa Barbara, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
3School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Autobiographical memory; Daydreaming; Self; Mental time travel; Prospective thought; Stimulus independent thought; Task unrelated thought; Mind-wandering
 Abstract: Current accounts suggest that self-referential thought serves a pivotal function in the human ability to simulate the future during mind-wandering. Using experience sampling, this hypothesis was tested in two studies that explored the extent to which self-reflection impacts both retrospection and prospection during mind-wandering. Study 1 demonstrated that a brief period of self-reflection yielded a prospective bias during mind-wandering such that participants’ engaged more frequently in spontaneous future than past thought. In Study 2, individual differences in the strength of self-referential thought — as indexed by the memorial advantage for self rather than other-encoded items — was shown to vary with future thinking during mind-wandering. Together these results confirm that self-reflection is a core component of future thinking during mind-wandering and provide novel evidence that a key function of the autobiographical memory system may be to mentally simulate events in the future.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20112011-01-312011-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.concog.2010.12.017
 Degree: -

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Title: Consciousness and Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, Fla. : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 20 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1120 - 1126 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8100
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650165