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  Threatened to distraction: Mind-wandering as a consequence of stereotype threat

Mrazek, M. D., Chin, J. M., Schmader, T., Hartson, K. A., Smallwood, J., & Schooler, J. W. (2011). Threatened to distraction: Mind-wandering as a consequence of stereotype threat. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 47(6), 1243-1248. doi:10.1016/j.jesp.2011.05.011.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0012-600A-A Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-C4D2-3
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Mrazek, Michael D.1, Author
Chin, Jason M.2, Author
Schmader, Toni2, Author
Hartson, Kimberly A.1, Author
Smallwood, Jonathan1, 3, Author              
Schooler, Jonathan W. 1, Author
Affiliations:
1Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California Santa Barbara, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              
2Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada, ou_persistent22              
3Department Social Neuroscience, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634552              

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Free keywords: Stereotype threat; Mind-wandering; Attention
 Abstract: Two experiments tested the hypothesis that the threat of a negative stereotype increases the frequency of mind-wandering (i.e., task-unrelated thought), thereby leading to performance impairments. Study 1 demonstrated that participants anticipating a stereotype-laden test mind-wandered more during the Sustained Attention to Response Task. Study 2 assessed mind-wandering directly using thought sampling procedures during a demanding math test. Results revealed that individuals experiencing stereotype threat experienced more off-task thoughts, which accounted for their poorer test performance compared to a control condition. These studies highlight the important role that social forces can have on mind-wandering. More specifically, these results serve as evidence for task-unrelated thought as a novel mechanism for stereotype threat-induced performance impairments.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-05-232011-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.05.011
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 47 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1243 - 1248 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-1031
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922645035