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  Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin.

Whelan, G., Kreidl, E., Wutz, G., Egner, A., Peters, J. M., & Eichele, G. (2012). Cohesin acetyltransferase Esco2 is a cell viability factor and is required for cohesion in pericentric heterochromatin. EMBO Journal, 31(1), 71-82. doi:10.1038/emboj.2011.381.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-3F23-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0027-CE89-2
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Whelan, G.1, Author              
Kreidl, E., Author
Wutz, G., Author
Egner, A.2, Author              
Peters, J. M., Author
Eichele, G.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department of Genes and Behavior, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_persistent34              
2Department of NanoBiophotonics, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578627              

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Free keywords: Cohesin acetylation; Esco2; Pericentric heterochromatin; Roberts syndrome; Sororin
 Abstract: Sister chromatid cohesion, mediated by cohesin and regulated by Sororin, is essential for chromosome segregation. In mammalian cells, cohesion establishment and Sororin recruitment to chromatin‐bound cohesin depends on the acetyltransferases Esco1 and Esco2. Mutations in Esco2 cause Roberts syndrome, a developmental disease in which mitotic chromosomes have a ‘railroad’ track morphology. Here, we show that Esco2 deficiency leads to termination of mouse development at pre‐ and post‐implantation stages, indicating that Esco2 functions non‐redundantly with Esco1. Esco2 is transiently expressed during S‐phase when it localizes to pericentric heterochromatin (PCH). In interphase, Esco2 depletion leads to a reduction in cohesin acetylation and Sororin recruitment to chromatin. In early mitosis, Esco2 deficiency causes changes in the chromosomal localization of cohesin and its protector Sgo1. Our results suggest that Esco2 is needed for cohesin acetylation in PCH and that this modification is required for the proper distribution of cohesin on mitotic chromosomes and for centromeric cohesion.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-11-182012-01-04
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1038/emboj.2011.381
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Title: EMBO Journal
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 31 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 71 - 82 Identifier: -