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  Similar intracellular Ca2+ requirements for inactivation and facilitation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in a glutamatergic mammalian nerve terminal

Lin, K. H., Erazo-Fischer, E., & Taschenberger, H. (2012). Similar intracellular Ca2+ requirements for inactivation and facilitation of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels in a glutamatergic mammalian nerve terminal. The Journal of Neuroscience, 32(4), 1261-1272. doi:10.1523/​JNEUROSCI.3838-11.2012.

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Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Similar Intracellular Ca2+ Requirements for Inactivation and Facilitation of Voltage-Gated Ca2+ Channels in a Glutamatergic Mammalian Nerve Terminal

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Lin, K. H.1, Author           
Erazo-Fischer, E., Author
Taschenberger, Holger1, Author                 
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1Research Group of Activity-Dependent and Developmental Plasticity at the Calyx of Held, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578581              

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 Abstract: Voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) of the P/Q-type, which are expressed at a majority of mammalian nerve terminals, show two types of Ca2+-dependent feedback regulation—inactivation (CDI) and facilitation (CDF). Because of the nonlinear relationship between Ca2+ influx and transmitter release, CDI and CDF are powerful regulators of synaptic strength. To what extent VGCCs inactivate or facilitate during spike trains depends on the dynamics of free Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) and the Ca2+ sensitivity of CDI and CDF, which has not been determined in nerve terminals. In this report, we took advantage of the large size of a rat auditory glutamatergic synapse—the calyx of Held—and combined voltage-clamp recordings of presynaptic Ca2+ currents (ICa(V)) with UV-light flash-induced Ca2+ uncaging and presynaptic Ca2+ imaging to study the Ca2+ requirements for CDI and CDF.



We find that nearly half of the presynaptic VGCCs inactivate during 100 ms voltage steps and require several seconds to recover. This inactivation is caused neither by depletion of Ca2+ ions from the synaptic cleft nor by metabotropic feedback inhibition, because it is resistant to blockade of metabotropic and ionotropic glutamate receptors. Facilitation of ICa(V) induced by repetitive depolarizations or preconditioning voltage steps decays within tens of milliseconds. Since Ca2+ buffers only weakly affect CDI and CDF, we conclude that the Ca2+ sensors are closely associated with the channel. CDI and CDF can be induced by intracellular photo release of Ca2+ resulting in [Ca2+]i elevations in the low micromolar range, implying a surprisingly high affinity of the Ca2+ sensors.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-01-25
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1523/​JNEUROSCI.3838-11.2012
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Title: The Journal of Neuroscience
  Other : The Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
  Abbreviation : J. Neurosci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, DC : Society of Neuroscience
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 32 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1261 - 1272 Identifier: ISSN: 0270-6474
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925502187_1