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  Processing noncanonical sentences in Broca's region: Reflections of movement distance and type

Makuuchi, M., Grodzinsky, Y., Amunts, K., Santi, A., & Friederici, A. D. (2013). Processing noncanonical sentences in Broca's region: Reflections of movement distance and type. Cerebral Cortex, 23(3), 694-702. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhs058.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-3FC2-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-AFE3-8
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Makuuchi, Michiru1, Author              
Grodzinsky, Yosef2, 3, 4, 5, Author
Amunts, Katrin6, 7, Author
Santi, Andrea1, 2, 3, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.1, 8, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Department of Linguistics, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital, McGill University, Montréal, QC, Canada, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Cognitive Science, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, ou_persistent22              
5Edmond & Lily Safra Center for Brain Sciences, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, ou_persistent22              
6Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Psychosomatics, RWTH Aachen University, Germany, ou_persistent22              
7Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine, Research Center Jülich, Germany, ou_persistent22              
8Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University, CA, USA, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: fMRI; Language; Movement; Scrambling; Syntax
 Abstract: Various noncanonical sentence constructions are derived from basic sentence structures by a phrase displacement called Movement. The moved phrase (filler) leaves a silent copy at the extracted position (gap) and is reactivated when the hearer/reader passes over the gap. Consequently, memory operations are assumed to occur to establish the filler–gap link. For languages that have a relatively free word order like German, a distinct linguistic operation called Scrambling is proposed. Although Movement and Scrambling are assumed to be different linguistic operations, they both involve memory prone filler–gap processes. To clarify whether filler–gap memory processes in Scrambling and Movement differ neuroanatomically, we designed a functional magnetic resonance imaging study and compared the effect of memory load parameterized by filler–gap distance in the 2 sentence types. Here, we show that processing of the 2 sentence types commonly relies on a left hemispheric network consisting of the inferior frontal gyrus, middle part of the middle temporal gyrus, and intraparietal sulcus. However, we found differences for the 2 sentence types in the linearity of filler–gap distance effect. Thus, the present results suggest that the same neural substrate supports the memory processes of sentences constructed by Movement and Scrambling, although differentially modulated by memory load.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-02-092012-03-202013-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1093/cercor/bhs058
PMID: 22437052
PMC: PMC3563336
Other: Epub 2012
 Degree: -

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Title: Cerebral Cortex
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: New York, NY : Oxford University Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 23 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 694 - 702 Identifier: ISSN: 1047-3211
CoNE: /journals/resource/954925592440