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  Sex influence on face recognition memory moderated by presentation duration and reencoding

Weirich, S., Hoffmann, F., Meißner, L., Heinz, A., & Bengner, T. (2011). Sex influence on face recognition memory moderated by presentation duration and reencoding. Neuropsychology, 25(6), 806-813. doi:10.1037/a0025633.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-41A0-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-C923-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Weirich, Sebastian1, Author
Hoffmann, Ferdinand2, Author              
Meißner, Lucia3, Author
Heinz , Andreas4, Author
Bengner, Thomas4, Author
Affiliations:
1Institute for Educational and Quality Improvement, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              
2Anna Freud Centre, University College London, United Kingdom, ou_persistent22              
3Department of Humanities and Health Sciences, University of Bremen, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Episodic memory; Sex differences; Short-term versus long-term memory; Face recognition memory; Remember–know paradigm
 Abstract: Objective: It has been suggested that women have a better face recognition memory than men. Here we analyzed whether this advantage depends on a better encoding or consolidation of information and if the advantage is visible during short-term memory (STM), only, or whether it also remains evident in long-term memory (LTM). Method: We tested short- and long-term face recognition memory in 36 nonclinical participants (19 women). We varied the duration of item presentation (1, 5, and 10 s), the time of testing (immediately after the study phase, 1 hr, and 24 hr later), and the possibility to reencode items (none, immediately after the study phase, after 1 hr). Results: Women showed better overall face recognition memory than men (ηp2 = .15, p < .05). We found this advantage, however, only with a longer duration of item presentation (interaction effect Sex × Duration: ηp2 = .16, p < .05). Women's advantage in face recognition was visible mainly if participants had the possibility to reencode faces during former test trials. Conclusions: Our results suggest women do not have a better face recognition memory than men per se, but may profit more than men from longer durations of presentation during encoding or the possibility for reencoding. Future research on sex differences in face recognition memory should explicate possible causes for the better encoding of face information in women.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2011-08-222011-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1037/a0025633
 Degree: -

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Title: Neuropsychology
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Philadelphia, PA : American Psychological Association (PsycARTICLES)
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 25 (6) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 806 - 813 Identifier: ISSN: 0894-4105
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925559517