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  Functional fat body proteomics and gene targeting reveal in vivo functions of Drosophila melanogaster α-Esterase-7.

Birner-Grünberger, R., Bickmeyer, I., Lange, J., Hehlert, P., Hermetter, A., Kollroser, M., et al. (2012). Functional fat body proteomics and gene targeting reveal in vivo functions of Drosophila melanogaster α-Esterase-7. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 42(3), 220-229. doi:10.1016/j.ibmb.2011.12.004.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-4EC3-D Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0029-0CD6-0
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Birner-Grünberger, R., Author
Bickmeyer, I.1, Author              
Lange, J., Author
Hehlert, P.1, Author              
Hermetter, A., Author
Kollroser, M., Author
Rechberger, G. N., Author
Kühnlein, R. P.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group of Molecular Physiology, MPI for biophysical chemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_578592              

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Free keywords: Drosophila, a-Esterase-7, Mutant Insecticide, Proteomics, Fat body
 Abstract: Carboxylesterases constitute a large enzyme family in insects, which is involved in diverse functions such as xenobiotic detoxi fi cation, lipid metabolism and reproduction. Phylogenetically, many insect carbox- ylesterases are represented by multienzyme clades, which are encoded by evolutionarily ancient gene clusters such as the a -Esterase cluster. Much in contrast to the vital importance attributed to carbox- ylesterases in general, the in vivo function of individual a -Esterase genes is largely unknown. This study employs a functional proteomics approach to identify esterolytic enzymes of the vinegar fl y Drosophila melanogaster fat body. One of the fat body carboxylesterases, a -Esterase-7 , was selected for mutational analysis by gene targeting to generate a deletion mutant fl y. Phenotypic characterization of a -Esterase-7 null mutants and transgenic fl ies, which overexpress a chimeric a -Esterase-7:EGFP gene, reveals important functions of a -Esterase-7 in insecticide tolerance, lipid metabolism and lifespan control. The presented fi rst deletion mutant of any a -Esterase in the model insect D. melanogaster generated by gene targeting not only provides experimental evidence for the endogenous functions of this gene family. It also offers an entry point for in vivo structure-function analyses of a -Esterase- 7, which is of central importance for naturally occurring insecticide resistance in wild populations of various dipteran insect species.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-03
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2011.12.004
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Title: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 42 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 220 - 229 Identifier: ISSN: 0965-1748