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  Complex Hydrides

Weidenthaler, C., & Felderhoff, M. (2010). Complex Hydrides. In M. Hirscher (Ed.), Handbook of Hydrogen Storage, New Materials for Future Energy Storage (pp. 117-157). Weinheim: Wiley-VCH.

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 Creators:
Weidenthaler, Claudia1, Author              
Felderhoff, Michael1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Department Schüth, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, ou_1445589              

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 Abstract: Complex hydrides are salt-like materials in which hydrogen is covalently bound to the central atoms, in this way a crystal structure consisting of so-called "complex anions" is formed. In general, complex hydrides have the chemical formula AxMeyHz. Compounds where position A is preferentially occupied by elements of the first and second groups of the periodic table and Me is occupied either by boron or aluminum are well known and have been intensively investigated. However, another possibility is that complex hydrides are built by transition metal cations. Complex metal hydrides have been known for more than 50 years, but for many years they were not considered for reversible hydrogen storage due to the high kinetic barriers of the decomposition requiring high temperatures. The situation changed in 1997 when Bogdanović and Schwickardi discovered that the kinetic barrier of the decomposition of the complex metal hydride, NaAlH4, can be lowered by the addition of Ti catalysts and that the material becomes reversible close to acceptable technical conditions [1]. They further showed not only that catalysts can enhance the kinetics of dehydrogenation but also that rehydrogenation under moderate conditions becomes feasible.This breakthrough induced the publication of a tremendous number of papers focusing on the synthesis and the properties of complex hydrides. The major goal is to understand the basic steps of dehydrogenation and rehydrogenation and the role of catalysts. Many complex metal hydrides have high hydrogen gravimetric storage capacities and some of them are commercially available. Some complex hydride systems, such as Mg2FeH6 and Al(BH4)3, have an extremely high volumetric hydrogen density of up to 150 kg m-3. Compared to liquid hydrogen with a volumetric density of 70 kg m-3, the amount of hydrogen in such metal hydrides is much higher. This makes complex transition metal hydrides interesting as potential storage materials.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2010
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: 39
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
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Title: Handbook of Hydrogen Storage, New Materials for Future Energy Storage
Source Genre: Book
 Creator(s):
Hirscher, Michael1, Editor
Affiliations:
1 Max-Planck-Institut für Metallforschung, Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart, ou_persistent22            
Publ. Info: Weinheim : Wiley-VCH
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 117 - 157 Identifier: ISBN: 9783527322732