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  The root of the East African cichlid radiations

Schwarzer, J., Misof, B., Tautz, D., & Schliewen, U. K. (2009). The root of the East African cichlid radiations. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 9: 186. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-9-186.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-D58C-F Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000F-D58D-D
Genre: Journal Article

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Schwarzer, Julia, Author
Misof, Bernhard, Author
Tautz, Diethard1, Author              
Schliewen, Ulrich K., Author
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1Department Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Biology, Max Planck Society, ou_1445635              

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 Abstract: Background: For decades cichlid fishes (Perciformes: Cichlidae) of the East African cichlid radiations (Teleostei: Cichlidae) have served as natural experimental subjects for the study of speciation processes and the search for potential speciation key factors. Despite numerous phylogenetic studies dealing with their intragroup relationships, surprisingly little is known about the phylogenetic placement and time of origin of this enigmatic group. We used multilocus DNA-sequence data from five nuclear and four mitochondrial genes and refined divergence time estimates to fill this knowledge gap. Results: In concordance with previous studies, the root of the East African cichlid radiations is nested within the so called "Tilapias", which is a paraphyletic assemblage. For the first time, we clarified tilapiine intragroup relationships and established three new monophyletic groups:"Oreochromini", "Boreotilapiini" and a group with a distribution center in East/Central Africa, the "Austrotilapiini". The latter is the founder lineage of the East African radiations and emerged at the Miocene/Oligocene boundary at about 14 to 26 mya. Conclusion: Our results provide the first resolved hypothesis for the phylogenetic placement of the megadiverse East African cichlid radiations as well as for the world's second most important aquaculture species, the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus. Our analyses constitute not only a robust basis for African cichlid phylogenetics and systematics, but provide a valid and necessary framework for upcoming comparative phylogenomic studies in evolutionary biology and aquaculture.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2009-08-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 438829
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-9-186
Other: 2724/S 39044
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Title: BMC Evolutionary Biology
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 9 Sequence Number: 186 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1471-2148 (online)