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  Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars

Zink, B., Stergioulas, N., Hawke, I., Ott, C. D., Schnetter, E., & Müller, E. (2006). Formation of supermassive black holes through fragmentation of torodial supermassive stars. Physical Review Letters, 96: 161101. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.161101.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-4C90-5 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-4C91-3
Genre: Journal Article

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prd161101.pdf (Publisher version), 489KB
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 Creators:
Zink, Burkhard, Author
Stergioulas, Nikolaos, Author
Hawke, Ian1, Author
Ott, Christian D.1, Author
Schnetter, Erik1, Author
Müller, Ewald, Author
Affiliations:
1Astrophysical Relativity, AEI-Golm, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24013              

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 Abstract: We investigate new paths to supermassive black hole formation by considering the general relativistic evolution of a differentially rotating polytrope with a toroidal shape. We find that this polytrope is unstable to nonaxisymmetric modes, which leads to a fragmentation into self-gravitating, collapsing components. In the case of one such fragment, we apply a simplified adaptive mesh refinement technique to follow the evolution to the formation of an apparent horizon centered on the fragment. This is the first study of the onset of nonaxisymmetric dynamical instabilities of supermassive stars in full general relativity.

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 Dates: 2006
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 298305
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.96.161101
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Title: Physical Review Letters
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 96 Sequence Number: 161101 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 0031-9007