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  Slowly rotating superfluid Newtonian neutron star model with entrainment

Prix, R., Andersson, N., & Comer, G. L. (2002). Slowly rotating superfluid Newtonian neutron star model with entrainment. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 381(1), 178-196. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20011499.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-5413-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-5414-4
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Prix, Reinhard1, Author              
Andersson, Nils, Author
Comer, G. L., Author
Affiliations:
1Observational Relativity and Cosmology, AEI-Hannover, MPI for Gravitational Physics, Max Planck Society, ou_24011              

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 Abstract: We develop a formalism that can be used to model slowly rotating superfluid Newtonian neutron stars. A simple two-fluid model is used to describe the matter, where one fluid consists of the superfluid neutrons that are believed to exist in the inner crust and core of mature neutron stars, while the other fluid is a charge neutral conglomerate of the remaining constituents (crust nuclei, core superconducting protons, electrons, etc.). We include the entrainment effect, which is a non-dissipative interaction between the two fluids whereby a momentum induced in one of the fluids will cause part of the mass of the other fluid to be carried along. The equations that describe rotational equilibria (i.e. axisymmetric and stationary configurations) are approximated using the slow-rotation approximation; an expansion in terms of the rotation rates of the two fluids where only terms up to second-order are kept. Our formalism allows the neutrons to rotate at a rate different from that of the charged constituents. For a particular equation of state that is quadratic in the two mass-densities and relative velocities of the fluids, we find an analytic solution to the slow-rotation equations. This result provides an elegant generalisation to the two-fluid problem of the standard expressions for the one-fluid polytrope ${\cal E} \propto \rho^2$. The model equation of state includes entrainment and is general enough to allow for realistic values for, say, mass and radius of the star. It also includes a mixed term in the mass densities that can be related to "symmetry energy" terms that appear in more realistic equations of state. We use the analytic solution to explore how relative rotation between the two fluids, the "symmetry energy" term, and entrainment affect the neutron star's local distribution of particles, as well as global quantities as the Kepler limit, ellipticity, and moments of inertia.

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 Dates: 2002-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 379331
Other: arXiv:astro-ph/0107176v1
DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:20011499
URI: http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0107176
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Title: Astronomy and Astrophysics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 381 (1) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 178 - 196 Identifier: ISSN: 0004-6361