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  The methyl group of N-alpha(Me)Arg-containing peptides disturbs the active-site geometry of thrombin, impairing efficient cleavage

Friedrich, R., Steinmetzer, T., Huber, R., Stürzebecher, J., & Bode, W. (2002). The methyl group of N-alpha(Me)Arg-containing peptides disturbs the active-site geometry of thrombin, impairing efficient cleavage. Journal of Molecular Biology, 316(4), 869-874.

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Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : J. Mol. Biol.

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 Creators:
Friedrich, R.1, Author           
Steinmetzer, T., Author
Huber, R.2, Author           
Stürzebecher, J.1, Author           
Bode, W.2, 3, 4, Author           
Affiliations:
1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Huber, Robert / Structure Research, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565155              
3Fässler, Reinhard / Molecular Medicine, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565147              
4Conti, Elena / Structural Cell Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565144              

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Free keywords: blood coagulation; haemostasis; serine proteinase; thrombin; inhibitor
 Abstract: Bivalent peptidic thrombin inhibitors consisting of an N- terminal D-cyclohexylalanine-Pro-N-alpha(Me)Arg active-site fragment, a flexible polyglycine linker, and a C-terminal hirugen-like segment directed towards the fibrinogen recognition exosite inhibit thrombin with K-i values in the pico-molar range, remaining stable in buffered solution at pH 7.8 for at least 15 hours. In order to investigate the structural basis of this increased, stability, the most potent of these inhibitors, I-11 (K-i = 37pM), containing an N- alpha(Me)Arg-Thr bond, was crystallized in complex with human a-thrombin. X-ray data were collected to 1.8 Angstrom resolution and the crystal structure of this complex was determined. The Fourier map displays clear electron density for the N-terminal fragment and for the exosite binding segment. It indicates, however, that in agreement with Edman sequencing, the peptide had been cleaved in the crystal, presumably due to the long incubation time of 14 days needed for crystallization and data collection. The N-alpha(Me) group is directed toward the carbonyl oxygen atom of Ser214, pushing the Ser195 O-gamma atom out of its normal site. This structure suggests that upon thrombin binding, the scissile peptide bond of the intact peptide and the Ser195 O-gamma are separated from each other, impairing the nucleophilic attack of the Ser195 07 toward the N-chi(Me)Arg carbonyl group. In the time-scale of two weeks, however, cleavage geometries favoured by the crystal allow catalysis at a slow rate. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2002-03-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: eDoc: 39189
ISI: 000174503400001
 Degree: -

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Title: Journal of Molecular Biology
  Alternative Title : J. Mol. Biol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 316 (4) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 869 - 874 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-2836