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  Cross-speaker generalisation in two phoneme-level perceptual adaptation processes

Van der Zande, P., Jesse, A., & Cutler, A. (2014). Cross-speaker generalisation in two phoneme-level perceptual adaptation processes. Journal of Phonetics, 43, 38-46. doi:10.1016/j.wocn.2014.01.003.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0015-3A36-6 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-002B-96C9-F
Genre: Journal Article

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Van der Zande, Patrick1, 2, Author              
Jesse, Alexandra3, Author              
Cutler, Anne4, 5, Author              
Affiliations:
1International Max Planck Research School for Language Sciences, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_1119545              
2Other Research, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_55217              
3Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 135 Hicks Way, MA 01003, USA, ou_persistent22              
4MARCS Institute, University of Western Sydney, Penrith South, New South Wales 2751, Australia, ou_persistent22              
5Emeriti, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, NL, ou_2344699              

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 Abstract: Speech perception is shaped by listeners' prior experience with speakers. Listeners retune their phonetic category boundaries after encountering ambiguous sounds in order to deal with variations between speakers. Repeated exposure to an unambiguous sound, on the other hand, leads to a decrease in sensitivity to the features of that particular sound. This study investigated whether these changes in the listeners' perceptual systems can generalise to the perception of speech from a novel speaker. Specifically, the experiments looked at whether visual information about the identity of the speaker could prevent generalisation from occurring. In Experiment 1, listeners retuned auditory category boundaries using audiovisual speech input. This shift in the category boundaries affected perception of speech from both the exposure speaker and a novel speaker. In Experiment 2, listeners were repeatedly exposed to unambiguous speech either auditorily or audiovisually, leading to a decrease in sensitivity to the features of the exposure sound. Here, too, the changes affected the perception of both the exposure speaker and the novel speaker. Together, these results indicate that changes in the perceptual system can affect the perception of speech from a novel speaker and that visual speaker identity information did not prevent this generalisation.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 20122014
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.wocn.2014.01.003
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Title: Journal of Phonetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 43 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 38 - 46 Identifier: ISSN: 0095-4470
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922647080