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  Whole genome analysis of the marine Bacteroidetes 'Gramella forsetii' reveals adaptations to degradation of polymeric organic matter

Bauer, M., Kube, M., Teeling, H., Richter, M., Lombardot, T., Allers, E., et al. (2006). Whole genome analysis of the marine Bacteroidetes 'Gramella forsetii' reveals adaptations to degradation of polymeric organic matter. Environmental Microbiology, 8(12), 2201-2213. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01152.x.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-830C-C Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-830D-A
Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Environ Microbiol

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j.1462-2920.2006.01152.pdf (Any fulltext), 381KB
 
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 Creators:
Bauer, Margarete1, Author
Kube, Michael2, Author              
Teeling, Hanno2, Author              
Richter,, Michael1, Author
Lombardot, Thierry1, Author
Allers, Elke1, Author
Wuerdemann, Chris A.1, Author
Quast, Christina1, Author
Kuhl, Heiner3, Author              
Knaus, Florian1, Author
Woebken, Dagmar1, Author
Kerstin Bischof, Kerstin1, Author
Mussmann, Marc1, Author
Choudhur, Jomuna V., Author
Meyer, Folker, Author
Reinhardt, Richard2, Author              
Amann, Rudolf I.1, Author
Gloeckner, Frank Oliver1, Author
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Society, ou_persistent13              
2High Throughput Technologies, Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1433552              
3Sequencing (Head: Bernd Timmermann), Scientific Service (Head: Manuela B. Urban), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1479670              

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 Abstract: Members of the Bacteroidetes, formerly known as the Cytophaga-Flavobacteria-Bacteroides (CFB) phylum, are among the major taxa of marine heterotrophic bacterioplankton frequently found on macroscopic organic matter particles (marine snow). In addition, they have been shown to also represent a significant part of free-living microbial assemblages in nutrient-rich microenvironments. Their abundance and distribution pattern in combination with enzymatic activity studies has led to the notion that organisms of this group are specialists for degradation of high molecular weight compounds in both the dissolved and particulate fraction of the marine organic matter pool, implying a major role of Bacteroidetes in the marine carbon cycle. Despite their ecological importance, comprehensive molecular data on organisms of this group have been scarce so far. Here we report on the first whole genome analysis of a marine Bacteroidetes representative, 'Gramella forsetii' KT0803. Functional analysis of the predicted proteome disclosed several traits which in joint consideration suggest a clear adaptation of this marine Bacteroidetes representative to the degradation of high molecular weight organic matter, such as a substantial suite of genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes, a predicted preference for polymeric carbon sources and a distinct capability for surface adhesion.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2006-12-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: eDoc: 301521
DOI: 10.1111/j.1462-2920.2006.01152.x
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Title: Environmental Microbiology
  Alternative Title : Environ Microbiol
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 8 (12) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2201 - 2213 Identifier: ISSN: 1462-2912