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  Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1B cause brachydactyly type A2

Lehmann, K., Seemann, P., Stricker, S., Sammar, M., Meyer, B., Suering, K., et al. (2003). Mutations in bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1B cause brachydactyly type A2. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 100(21), 12277-12282. doi:10.1073/pnas.2133476100.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8982-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0010-8983-0
Genre: Journal Article
Alternative Title : Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.

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 Creators:
Lehmann, Katarina, Author
Seemann, Petra1, Author              
Stricker, Sigmar1, Author              
Sammar, Marai, Author
Meyer, Birgit, Author
Suering, Katrin2, Author
Majewski, Frank, Author
Tinschert, Sigrid1, Author              
Grzeschik, Karl-Heinz H., Author
Mueller, Dietmar, Author
Knaus, Petra, Author
Nurnberg, Peter, Author
Mundlos, Stefan1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Development & Disease (Head: Stefan Mundlos), Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1433557              
2Max Planck Society, ou_persistent13              

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 Abstract: Brachydactyly (BD) type A2 is an autosomal dominant hand malformation characterized by shortening and lateral deviation of the index fingers and, to a variable degree, shortening and deviation of the first and second toes. We performed linkage analysis in two unrelated German families and mapped a locus for BD type A2 to 4q21-q25. This interval includes the gene bone morphogenetic protein receptor 1B (BMPR1B), a type I transmembrane serinethreonine kinase. In one family, we identified a T599 A mutation changing an isoleucine into a lysine residue (I200K) within the glycine/serine (GS) domain of BMPR1B, a region involved in phosphorylation of the receptor. In the other family we identified a C1456 T mutation leading to an arginine-to-tryptophan amino acid change (R486W) in a highly conserved region C-terminal of the BMPR1B kinase domain. An in vitro kinase assay showed that the I200K mutation is kinase-deficient, whereas the R486W mutation has normal kinase activity, indicating a different pathogenic mechanism. Functional analyses with a micromass culture system revealed a strong inhibition of chondrogenesis by both mutant receptors. Overexpression of mutant chBmpR1b in vivo in chick embryos by using a retroviral system resulted either in a BD phenotype with shortening and/or missing phalanges similar to the human phenotype or in severe hypoplasia of the entire limb. These findings imply that both mutations identified in human BMPR1B affect cartilage formation in a dominant-negative manner.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2003-10-14
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 174918
ISI: 000186024300063
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2133476100
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Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  Alternative Title : Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A.
Source Genre: Journal
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 100 (21) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 12277 - 12282 Identifier: ISSN: 0027-8424