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  Exploiting H-transfer reactions with RANEY (R) Ni for upgrade of phenolic and aromatic biorefinery feeds under unusual, low-severity conditions

Rinaldi, R., & Wang, X. (2012). Exploiting H-transfer reactions with RANEY (R) Ni for upgrade of phenolic and aromatic biorefinery feeds under unusual, low-severity conditions. Energy & Environmental Science, 5(8), 8244-8260. doi:10.1039/c2ee21855k.

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 Creators:
Rinaldi, Roberto1, Author              
Wang, Xingyu1, Author              
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1Research Group Rinaldi, Max-Planck-Institut für Kohlenforschung, Max Planck Society, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Platz 1, 45470 Mülheim an der Ruhr, DE, ou_1445617              

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Free keywords: CATALYTIC TRANSFER HYDROGENATION; MEERWEIN-PONNDORF-VERLEY; EVAPORATED METAL-FILMS; NICKEL NANOPARTICLES; TRANSFER HYDROGENOLYSIS; COAL-LIQUEFACTION; GREEN CHEMISTRY; BIO-OIL; 2-PROPANOL; ALCOHOLS
 Abstract: This paper focuses on the fundamental chemical aspects of hydrogen transfer reactions with RANEY (R) Ni and propan-2-ol. It aims at novel process options for defunctionalization and hydrodeoxygenation of phenolic and aromatic biorefinery feeds under low-severity conditions. A series of 32 model substrates were explored, providing a comprehensive description of the reactivity of RANEY (R) Ni toward transfer hydrogenation and transfer hydrogenolysis. In addition, the aspects related to the catalyst stability were addressed in detail. With regard to the processing of a model-substrate mixture, important features of the chemoselectivity of RANEY (R) Ni were also revealed. Herein, we also demonstrate that hydrogen transfer reactions could hold the key to the upgrade of bio-oil under unusual, low-severity conditions. Indeed, bio-oil was easily upgraded to cyclohexanols and less functionalized alkylphenols, with RANEY (R) Ni and propan-2-ol, at 120 degrees C. Full saturation of bio-oil to cyclic alcohols, cyclohexane-1,2-diols and other products with reduced oxygen content was achieved at 160 degrees C under autogenous pressure.

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 Dates: 2012-08-01
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1039/c2ee21855k
ISSN: 1754-5692
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Title: Energy & Environmental Science
  Abbreviation : Energy Environ. Sci.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 8244 - 8260 Identifier: ISSN: 1754-5692
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1754-5692
DOI: 10.1039/c2ee21855k