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  The role of pause as a prosodic boundary marker: Language ERP studies in German 3- and 6-year-olds

Männel, C., Schipke, C. S., & Friederici, A. D. (2013). The role of pause as a prosodic boundary marker: Language ERP studies in German 3- and 6-year-olds. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: a Journal for Cognitive, Affective and Social Developmental Neuroscience, 5, 86-94. doi:10.1016/j.dcn.2013.01.003.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-7E03-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-842D-6
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Männel, Claudia1, Author              
Schipke, Christine S.1, 2, Author              
Friederici, Angela D.1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Neuropsychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634551              
2Berlin School of Mind and Brain, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Event-related brain potentials (ERP); Closure Positive Shift (CPS); Prosody; Syntax; Intonational phrase boundary (IPB); Pause
 Abstract: Spoken language is hierarchically structured into prosodic units divided by prosodic breaks. The largest prosodic breaks in an utterance are intonational phrase boundaries (IPBs), which are defined by three acoustic cues, namely, pitch change, preboundary lengthening, and pausing. Previous studies have revealed that the electrophysiological marker of IPB perception, the Closure Positive Shift (CPS), is established between 2 and 3 years of age. Here, we examined the neural activity underlying IPB perception in children by targeting their reliance on pausing; hypothesized to be a key boundary cue in German. To evaluate the role of pausing, we tested IPB perception without the boundary pause, but with pitch change and preboundary lengthening. We tested children at the age of 3 years, when the CPS in response to IPBs has just emerged, and at 6 years, when language abilities are further developed. Results revealed that 6-year-olds, but not 3-year-olds, show the CPS in response to IPBs without full prosodic marking. These results indicate developmental differences with respect to the role of pausing as a prosodic boundary cue in German. The correlation of children’s IPB perception and their syntactic abilities further corroborates the close prosodyntax interaction in children’s advancing ability to process phrase structure.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-01-302013-02-092013-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.dcn.2013.01.003
PMID: 23466657
Other: Epub 2013
 Degree: -

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Title: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: a Journal for Cognitive, Affective and Social Developmental Neuroscience
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 5 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 86 - 94 Identifier: ISSN: 1878-9293
CoNE: /journals/resource/1878-9293