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  Frequency-specific adaptation in human auditory cortex depends on the spectral variance in the acoustic stimulation

Herrmann, B., Henry, M., & Obleser, J. (2013). Frequency-specific adaptation in human auditory cortex depends on the spectral variance in the acoustic stimulation. Journal of Neurophysiology, 109(8), 2086-2096. doi:10.1152/jn.00907.2012.

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 Creators:
Herrmann, Björn1, Author           
Henry, Molly1, Author           
Obleser, Jonas1, Author           
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Auditory Cognition, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_751545              

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Free keywords: Auditory cortex; Frequency-specific adaptation; N1 component; Short-term plasticity
 Abstract: In auditory cortex, activation and subsequent adaptation is strongest for regions responding best to a stimulated tone frequency, and less for regions responding best to other frequencies. Previous attempts to characterize the spread of neural adaptation in humans investigated the auditory cortex N1 component of the event-related potentials. Importantly, however, more recent studies in animals show that neural response properties are not independent of the stimulation context. In order to link these findings in animals to human scalp potentials, we investigated whether contextual factors of the acoustic stimulation, namely spectral variance, affect the spread of neural adaptation. Electroencephalograms were recorded while human participants listened to random tone sequences varying in spectral variance (narrow vs. wide). Spread of adaptation was investigated by modeling single-trial neural adaptation and subsequent recovery based on the spectro-temporal stimulation history. Frequency-specific neural responses were largest on the N1 component, and the modeled neural adaptation indices were strongly predictive of trial-by-trial amplitude variations. Yet, the spread of adaption varied depending on the spectral variance in the stimulation, such that adaptation spread was broadened for tone sequences with wide spectral variance. Thus, the current findings reveal context-dependent auditory cortex adaptation and point towards a flexibly adjusting auditory system that changes its response properties with the spectral requirements of the acoustic environment.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2012-10-152013-01-202013-01-232013-04-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1152/jn.00907.2012
PMID: 23343904
Other: Epub 2013
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Title: Journal of Neurophysiology
  Other : J. Neurophysiol.
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Bethesda, MD : The Society
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 109 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2086 - 2096 Identifier: ISSN: 0022-3077
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925416959