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  Variability in atmospheric O2 and CO2 concentrations in the southern Pacific Ocean and their comparison with model estimates

Thompson, R. L., Gloor, M., Manning, A. C., Lowe, D. C., Rödenbeck, C., & Le Quéré, C. (2008). Variability in atmospheric O2 and CO2 concentrations in the southern Pacific Ocean and their comparison with model estimates. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, 113(G2): G02025. doi:10.1029/2007jg000554.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2007jg000554 (Publisher version)
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 Creators:
Thompson, R. L.1, Author           
Gloor, M., Author
Manning, A. C., Author
Lowe, D. C., Author
Rödenbeck, C.2, Author           
Le Quéré, C., Author
Affiliations:
1Tall Tower Atmospheric Gas Measurements, Dr. J. Lavrič, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1497786              
2Inverse Data-driven Estimation, Dr. C. Rödenbeck, Department Biogeochemical Systems, Prof. M. Heimann, Max Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1497785              

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Free keywords: GLOBAL CARBON-CYCLE OXYGEN MEASUREMENTS HEMISPHERE AIR NEW-ZEALAND SEA FLUX TEMPERATURE O-2/N-2 SINKS
 Abstract: We examine ship-based observations of atmospheric O-2 and CO2 in the southern Pacific Ocean made during two voyages: in February 2003 and in April 2004. We found, for the Austral late summer to autumn, evidence of a maximum in Atmospheric Potential Oxygen (APO) (an atmospheric tracer that is conservative with respect to terrestrial biological activity, APO approximate to O-2 + CO2) centered around 50 degrees S owing to biologically driven O-2 outgassing (associated with strong productivity in the Sub-Tropical Convergence Zone) and evidence in the February voyage of a decreasing APO trend from 57 degrees S south toward the Antarctic coast. The observed APO variability appears to be primarily determined by the interplay between atmospheric transport and the spatial distribution of O-2 air-sea flux resulting from regional differences in biological production. Comparisons of these observations with APO derived from coupling the TM3 atmospheric transport model with flux estimates from (1) the PISCES-T ocean biogeochemistry model, and (2) O-2 and CO2 climatologies, show that both PISCES-T and the climatology reproduce the observed gradient and curvature of APO but underestimate the magnitude of the observed APO maximum in the mid southern latitudes. Although the temporal limitation of our data does not permit us to calculate the annual mean APO gradient, the results support previous model predictions of a decreasing APO trend from the mid to high southern latitudes.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2008
 Publication Status: Issued
 Pages: -
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 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1029/2007jg000554
ISI: ://000256561800002
Other: BGC1127
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Title: Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
  Other : J. Geophys. Res. - E
  Abbreviation : JGR-E
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: [Washington, DC] : American Geophysical Union
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 113 (G2) Sequence Number: G02025 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 2169-8961
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1000000000326920