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  Early auditory sensory processing of voices is facilitated by visual mechanisms

Schall, S., Kiebel, S., Maess, B., & von Kriegstein, K. (2013). Early auditory sensory processing of voices is facilitated by visual mechanisms. NeuroImage, 77, 237-245. doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.03.043.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-E9E9-B Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-8CD7-D
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Schall, Sonja1, Author              
Kiebel, Stefan2, 3, Author              
Maess, Burkhard4, Author              
von Kriegstein, Katharina1, 5, Author              
Affiliations:
1Max Planck Research Group Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634556              
2Department Neurology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634549              
3Jena University Hospital, Germany, ou_persistent22              
4Methods and Development Unit MEG and EEG: Signal Analysis and Modelling, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634559              
5Humboldt University Berlin, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Multisensory; Audiovisual; Speaker recognition; FFA; Human
 Abstract: How do we recognize people that are familiar to us? There is overwhelming evidence that our brains process voice and face in a combined fashion to optimally recognize both who is speaking and what is said. Surprisingly, this combined processing of voice and face seems to occur even if one stream of information is missing. For example, if subjects only hear someone who is familiar to them talking, without seeing their face, visual face-processing areas are active. One reason for this crossmodal activation might be that it is instrumental for early sensory processing of voices—a hypothesis that is contrary to current models of unisensory perception. Here, we test this hypothesis by harnessing a temporally highly resolved method, i.e., magnetoencephalography (MEG), to identify the temporal response profile of the fusiform face area in response to auditory-only voice recognition. Participants briefly learned a set of voices audio-visually, i.e., together with a talking face. After learning, we measured subjects’ MEG signals in response to the auditory-only, now familiar, voices. The results revealed three key mechanisms that characterize the sensory processing of familiar speakers’ voices: (i) activation in the face-sensitive fusiform gyrus at very early auditory processing stages, i.e., only 100 ms after auditory onset; (ii) a temporal facilitation of auditory processing (M200); and (iii) a correlation of this temporal facilitation with recognition performance. These findings suggest that a neural representation of face information is evoked before the identity of the voice is even recognized and that the brain uses this visual representation to facilitate early sensory processing of auditory-only voices.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-03-182013-04-042013-08-15
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.03.043
PMID: 23563227
Other: Epub 2013
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Title: NeuroImage
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Orlando, FL : Academic Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 77 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 237 - 245 Identifier: ISSN: 1053-8119
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954922650166