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  Hearing words helps seeing words: A cross-modal word repetition effect

Van der Zande, P., Jesse, A., & Cutler, A. (2014). Hearing words helps seeing words: A cross-modal word repetition effect. Speech Communication, 59, 31-43. doi:10.1016/j.specom.2014.01.001.

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Van der Zande, Patrick1, 2, Author           
Jesse, Alexandra3, Author           
Cutler, Anne4, 5, Author           
Affiliations:
1International Max Planck Research School for Language Sciences, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_1119545              
2Other Research, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Nijmegen, NL, ou_55217              
3Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 135 Hicks Way, Massachusetts 01003, USA, ou_persistent22              
4MARCS Institute, University of Western Sydney, Penrith South, New South Wales 2751, Australia, ou_persistent22              
5Emeriti, MPI for Psycholinguistics, Max Planck Society, Wundtlaan 1, 6525 XD Nijmegen, NL, ou_2344699              

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 Abstract: Watching a speaker say words benefits subsequent auditory recognition of the same words. In this study, we tested whether hearing words also facilitates subsequent phonological processing from visual speech, and if so, whether speaker repetition influences the magnitude of this word repetition priming. We used long-term cross-modal repetition priming as a means to investigate the underlying lexical representations involved in listening to and seeing speech. In Experiment 1, listeners identified auditory-only words during exposure and visual-only words at test. Words at test were repeated or new and produced by the exposure speaker or a novel speaker. Results showed a significant effect of cross-modal word repetition priming but this was unaffected by speaker changes. Experiment 2 added an explicit recognition task at test. Listeners’ lipreading performance was again improved by prior exposure to auditory words. Explicit recognition memory was poor, and neither word repetition nor speaker repetition improved it. This suggests that cross-modal repetition priming is neither mediated by explicit memory nor improved by speaker information. Our results suggest that phonological representations in the lexicon are shared across auditory and visual processing, and that speaker information is not transferred across modalities at the lexical level.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 201320142014
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1016/j.specom.2014.01.001
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Title: Speech Communication
  Other : Speech Commun.
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 59 Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 31 - 43 Identifier: ISSN: 0167-6393
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925483662