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  Action-sentence compatibility: The role of action effects and timing

Diefenbach, C., Rieger, M., Massen, C., & Prinz, W. (2013). Action-sentence compatibility: The role of action effects and timing. Frontiers in Psychology, 4: 272. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00272.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-000E-F9AE-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-AD2A-C
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Diefenbach, Christiane1, Author              
Rieger, Martina1, 2, Author              
Massen, Cristina1, 3, Author
Prinz, Wolfgang1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Psychology, MPI for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Society, ou_634564              
2Institute for Psychology, Department for Medical Sciences and Management, UMIT - 16 University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology, Hall in Tirol, Austria, ou_persistent22              
3Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany, ou_persistent22              

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Free keywords: Action-sentence compatibility; Language comprehension; Motor simulation; Action simulation; Embodiment
 Abstract: Research on embodied approaches to language comprehension suggests that we understand linguistic descriptions of actions by mentally simulating these actions. Evidence is provided by the action-sentence compatibility effect (ACE) which shows that sensibility judgments for sentences are faster when the direction of the described action matches the response direction. In two experiments, we investigated whether the ACE relies on actions or on intended action effects. Participants gave sensibility judgments of auditorily presented sentences by producing an action effect on a screen at a location near the body or far from the body. These action effects were achieved by pressing a response button that was located in either the same spatial direction as the action effect, or in the opposite direction. We used a go/no-go task in which the direction of the to-be-produced action effect was either cued at the onset of each sentence (Experiment 1) or at different points in time before and after sentence onset (Experiment 2). Overall, results showed a relationship between the direction of the described action and the direction of the action effect. Furthermore, Experiment 2 indicated that depending on the timing between cue presentation and sentence onset, participants responded either faster when the direction of the described action matched the direction of the action effect (positive ACE), or slower (negative ACE). These results provide evidence that the comprehension of action sentences involves the activation of representations of action effects. Concurrently activated representations in sentence comprehension and action planning can lead to both priming and interference, which is discussed in the context of the theory of event coding.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2013-03-132013-04-262013-05-21
 Publication Status: Published online
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: Peer
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00272
PMID: 23734134
PMC: PMC3659315
 Degree: -

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Title: Frontiers in Psychology
  Abbreviation : Front Psychol
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Pully, Switzerland : Frontiers Research Foundation
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 4 Sequence Number: 272 Start / End Page: - Identifier: ISSN: 1664-1078
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/1664-1078