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  Partial oxidation of ethane catalysed by supported vanadium oxide : Experimental and theoretical investigation of the reaction network

Joshi, M., Klose, F., Weiß, H., Thomas, S., Wolff, T., & Seidel-Morgenstern, A. (2003). Partial oxidation of ethane catalysed by supported vanadium oxide: Experimental and theoretical investigation of the reaction network. Talk presented at XXXVI. Jahrestreffen Deutscher Katalytiker. Weimar, Germany. 2003-03-19 - 2003-03-21.

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Joshi, M.1, Author              
Klose, F.2, Author              
Weiß, H.3, Author
Thomas, S.3, Author
Wolff, T.1, Author              
Seidel-Morgenstern, A.1, 3, Author              
1Physical and Chemical Foundations of Process Engineering, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society, ou_1738150              
2Südchemie, Bruckmühl, persistent:22              
3Otto-von-Guericke-Universität Magdeburg, External Organizations, ou_1738156              


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 Abstract: Despite of its importance and attractivity to industrial application, the heterogeneously catalyzed selective oxidation of ethane to ethylene is far from being fully exploited [1]. One reason is the complexity of the network of parallel and consecutive reactions via olefins and oxygenation products to CO2 and water. The main objective of the presented project is a detailed description of the performance of an alumina-supported vanadium oxide catalyst and its kinetic behaviour in this reaction network. Vanadium oxide catalysts are active in partial ethane oxidation in the temperature range from 300-600 °C. While VV oxidation state is responsible for complete oxidation of ethane to CO2, the presence of VIV favours selective oxidation, for which a reaction mechanism ethane + V(IV) -> ethylene +V(III) – [H]2 V(III) – [H]2 + [O]lattice -> V(IV) + H2O can be suggested. The experiments clearly identify lattice oxygen as an important component for the oxidative dehydrogenation reaction, and shows that the selectivity towards ethylene increases with decreasing oxygen concentration, as it is to be expected. Yielding in the absence of O2 to C2H4 as the single product. The experiments suggest a sophisticated reaction network, and yield to a reliable number of rate constants, activation energies and prefactors. For a detailed analysis of the heterogeneously catalyzed reaction supported by the experiments, five different steps were taken into account. Three different types of oxygen species are assumed to be involved: 2 C2H6 + O2 -> 2 C2H4 + 2 H2O (Lattice oxygen) (1) C2H6 + 3.5 O2 -> 2 CO2 + 3 H2O (Dissociated surface oxygen) (2) C2H4 + 2 O2 -> 2 CO + 2 H2O (Dissociated surface oxygen) (3) C2H4 + 3 O2 -> 2 CO2 + 2 H2O (Dissociated surface oxygen) (4) 2 CO + O2 -> 2 CO2 (Non-dissociated surface oxygen) (5) Based on these reactions and their experimentally determined rate constants, a realistic model for the system could be formed. Reaction 1 can be described by redox mechanism as first proposed by Mars and van Krevelen [2]. The reactions 2 to 5 on the catalyst surface are expressed by Langmuir-Hinshelwood type equations. Details concerning on the reaction models will be given on the poster. Acknowledgements The financial support by the German Research Foundation (DFG) is gratefully acknowledged. References [1] M.A Banares, Catalysis Today 51 (1999) 319-348. [2] P. Mars and D.W. van Krevelen, Chem. Eng. Sci. 3 (1954) 41-59.


Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2003
 Publication Status: Not specified
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 274284
 Degree: -


Title: XXXVI. Jahrestreffen Deutscher Katalytiker
Place of Event: Weimar, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2003-03-19 - 2003-03-21

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