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  Signal processing and flagellar motor switching during phototaxis of Halobacterium salinarum

Nutsch, T., Marwan, W., Oesterhelt, D., & Gilles, E. D. (2003). Signal processing and flagellar motor switching during phototaxis of Halobacterium salinarum. Genome Research, 13(11), 2406-2412. doi:10.1101/gr.1241903.

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 Creators:
Nutsch, T.1, Author              
Marwan, W.2, Author
Oesterhelt, Dieter3, Author              
Gilles, E. D.1, Author              
Affiliations:
1Systems Biology, Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems, Max Planck Society, ou_1738155              
2University of Freiburg, Germany, ou_persistent22              
3Oesterhelt, Dieter / Membrane Biochemistry, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry, Max Planck Society, ou_1565164              

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 Abstract: Prokaryotic taxis, the active search of motile cells for the best environmental conditions, is one of the paradigms for signal transduction. The search algorithm implemented by the cellular biochemistry modulates the probability of switching the rotational direction of the flagellar motor, a nanomachine that propelsprokaryotic cells. On the basis of the well-known biochemical mechanisms of chemotaxis in Escherichia coli, kinetic modeling of the events leading from chemoreceptor activation by ligand binding to themotility response has been performed with great success. In contrast to Escherichia coli, Halobacterium salinarum, in addition, responds to visible light, which is sensed through specific photoreceptors of different wave length sensitivity (phototaxis). Light stimuli of defined intensity and time course can be controlled precisely, which facilitates input-output measurements used for system analysis of the molecular network connecting the sensory receptors to the flagellar motor switch. Here, we analyze the response of halobacterial cells to single and double-pulse light stimuli and present the first kinetic model for prokaryotic cells that couples the signal transduction pathway with the flagellar motor switch. Modeling based on experimental data supports the current biochemical model of halobacterial phototaxis. Moreover, the simulations demonstrate that motor switching occurs through subsequent rate-limiting steps, which are both under sensory control, suggesting that two signals maybe involved in halobacterial phototaxis. ©2003 by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press [accessed 2014 October 16]

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2003
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: eDoc: 124785
Other: 13/03
DOI: 10.1101/gr.1241903
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Title: Genome Research
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 13 (11) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 2406 - 2412 Identifier: -