English
 
User Manual Privacy Policy Disclaimer Contact us
  Advanced SearchBrowse

Item

ITEM ACTIONSEXPORT
  Integration of Translational and Rotational Vestibular Cues for Direction Detection during Eccentric Rotations

Soyka, F., Barnett-Cowan, M., Robuffo Giordano, P., & Bülthoff, H. (2011). Integration of Translational and Rotational Vestibular Cues for Direction Detection during Eccentric Rotations. Poster presented at 12th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNA 2011), Heiligkreuztal, Germany.

Item is

Basic

show hide
Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-B9C2-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-1C8C-2
Genre: Poster

Files

show Files

Locators

show

Creators

show
hide
 Creators:
Soyka, F1, 2, Author              
Barnett-Cowan, M1, 2, Author              
Robuffo Giordano, P1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

Content

show
hide
Free keywords: -
 Abstract: During eccentric yaw rotations around an Earth-vertical axis the semi-circular canals are stimulated (rotational acceleration) as well as the otoliths (tangential acceleration). Most likely the brain uses both sensory signals, the canal and the otolith signal, when faced with a rotation direction detection task. Keeping the rotational acceleration profile unchanged and increasing the radius of the eccentric rotation the tangential acceleration increases. Therefore, we hypothesized that thresholds would decrease with increasing radius of rotation. The threshold was defined as the peak acceleration needed to detect the correct direction of motion in 75 of the trials. Ten participants were tested in seven conditions (150 trials each): a head-centered rotation, a translation and five eccentric rotations with varying radii (R=0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.5, 0.8 m). The motion had 1s duration and consisted of a single cycle sinusoidal acceleration. Participants were blindfolded, heard white noise and their head was kept in place with a neck brace. The results show a significant decrease of thresholds with increasing radius. It can be seen that the detection process for eccentric rotations is not exclusively based on either the canal or the otolith signal, but that both signals are integrated. A model able to predict the thresholds of the eccentric rotations is proposed, which is solely based on the thresholds for the head-centered rotation and the translational motion. For small radii the detection processes is mainly based on the canal signal whereas for large radii it is dominated by the otolith signal. For intermediate radii the reduction in threshold due to the sensory combination is largest compared to using only one of the two sensors. One additional participant suffered from occasional vertigo after an ear infection indicating vestibular problems. She showed unusually high thresholds for translational motions, but normal thresholds for head-centered rotations. Interestingly, her thresholds for eccentric rotations were higher than her threshold for the head-centered rotations suggesting that she did not only use the rotational signal, but instead had a problem integrating the two sensory signals. These findings indicate that signals from the otolith and the semi-circular canals are not used independently, but are integrated in order to solve a direction detection task.

Details

show
hide
Language(s):
 Dates: 2011-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: SoykaBRB2011
 Degree: -

Event

show
hide
Title: 12th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNA 2011)
Place of Event: Heiligkreuztal, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2011-10-10 - 2011-10-12

Legal Case

show

Project information

show

Source 1

show
hide
Title: 12th Conference of Junior Neuroscientists of Tübingen (NeNA 2011)
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Affiliations:
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 42 Identifier: -