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  Visual influences on voice-sensitive neurons

Perrodin, C., Kayser, C., Logothetis, N., & Petkov, C. (2010). Visual influences on voice-sensitive neurons. In 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2010).

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-BDA0-1 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0002-98F9-A
Genre: Meeting Abstract

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Perrodin, C1, 2, 3, Author              
Kayser, C1, 2, 3, Author              
Logothetis, NK1, 3, Author              
Petkov, CI1, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Research Group Physiology of Sensory Integration, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497808              
3Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Many animals depend upon vocal and facial communication signals for survival and social interactions, but it remains unclear how voices and faces are integrated by the brain. Most studies have evaluated the unisensory processing of either vocal or facial information in brain regions thought to be "voice" or "face" sensitive. Other studies have described multisensory interactions in the brain for voices and faces, but only for a few brain regions, such as those close to the primary auditory cortex or in the prefrontal cortex. This work aims to address whether the responses of neurons in a voice-sensitive brain region, which was recently identified in monkeys with functional MRI, are influenced by faces. Extracellular recordings were conducted in two awake rhesus macaques. We targeted the anterior voice-sensitive cluster on the superior temporal plane, which was first localized for each animal with fMRI [please see the linked presentation] and resides ~5 mm anterior to the tonotopically organized field RT. For stimulation we used movies of vocalizing monkeys and humans that were matched in their low-level auditory and visual features. These dynamic face and voice stimuli were presented in auditory only, visual only or audio-visual stimulation conditions. Neuronal responses to the stimuli yielded a total of 318 local-field potential (LFP) sites and 208 single- and multi-units. Significant multisensory interactions were observed in 70 of the LFP sites and in 33 of the single- and multi-unit responses. We observed both suppression and enhancement of the neuronal responses to the audio-visual condition compared to the auditory condition, as previously noted for neurons in other brain regions. Notably, human voices were as efficient in driving the neuronal responses as were the monkey voices and elicited similar audiovisual interactions, questioning the species-specificity of the voice-sensitive regions. Our results provide evidence for visual influences in what has been characterized as an auditory "voice" region. This suggests that, rather than conducting strictly unisensory processing, neurons in the voice region (and potentially also the face region) form an integral part of a network engaged in the processing of communication signals from the different sensory modalities.

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 Dates: 2010-11
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 7058
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Title: 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2010)
Place of Event: San Diego, CA, USA
Start-/End Date: 2010-11-13 - 2010-11-17

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Title: 40th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (Neuroscience 2010)
Source Genre: Proceedings
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: 125.4 Start / End Page: - Identifier: -