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  Distance and alignment effects in survey knowledge of a highly familiar city

Frankenstein, J., Mohler, B., Bülthoff, H., & Meilinger, T. (2009). Distance and alignment effects in survey knowledge of a highly familiar city. Poster presented at 32nd European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2009), Regensburg, Germany.

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Frankenstein, J1, 2, Author              
Mohler, B1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Meilinger, T1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: In this experiment we examined alignment and distance effects in human memory for a highly familiar environmental space. Twenty-seven participants who lived on average seven years in Tübingen saw a photorealistic virtual model of the city centre of Tübingen (Virtual Tübingen) through a head-mounted display. They were teleported to five different places in Virtual Tübingen and asked to point towards well-known target locations. This procedure was repeated 36 times for each of the target locations in 12 different body orientations. Participants pointed much more accurately when oriented northwards regardless of target. There were no significant correlations between straight line distance to the pointing target and pointing speed or accuracy. These results are consistent with the assumption that all locations were represented within one oriented coordinate system. Even though this is predicted by reference direction theory, it is unclear why, first, almost all participants have the same reference direction, and second, why this direction is north. We discuss our results with respect to well-known theories of spatial memory and speculate that the bias for a north orientation is because participants rely on the memory of a map of Tübingen for their response.

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 Dates: 2009-08
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 5908
DOI: 10.1177/03010066090380S101
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Title: 32nd European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2009)
Place of Event: Regensburg, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2009-08-24 - 2009-08-28

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Title: Perception
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Pion Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 38 (ECVP Abstract Supplement) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 63 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-0066
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925509369