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  Theoretical and experimental comparison of different techniques for continuous arterial spin labelling

Pohmann, R., & Budde, J. (2008). Theoretical and experimental comparison of different techniques for continuous arterial spin labelling. Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine, 21(Supplement 1): 315, 205.

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Pohmann, R1, 2, Author              
Budde, J1, 2, Author              
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1Former Department MRZ, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_2528700              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Purpose/Introduction: Continuous arterial spin labelling is the most sensitive technique for perfusion measurements. Several schemes for tag and control scans have been developped to overcome the technical and condeptual problems of this technique. Here, four different approaches for tag and control are simulated and compared experimentally. Subjects and Methods: Four sequence variants are compared that differ only in the way the tag or control pulses are applied: In CASL, separate tagging coils at the neck label the inflowing blood with one long pulse [1]. In ACASL, the tag is applied by the same coil used for imaging [2], but, due to technical constraints, this pulse has to be interrupted at regular intervals. For multi-slice acquisition (ms-ACASL) the control scan uses an oscillating pulse to avoid nonsymmetric magnetization transfer effects [3]. In PCASL [4], the tag is composed of a large number of short pulses and gradient shapes, with the control scan modifying the puls phases as to be transparent to the flowing spins. These four tagging techniques have been simulated and implemented on a Siemens Trio with an EPI-readout. The simulations were used to optimize the parameters of all sequences. Results: Two volunteers were examined with each of the four techniques, as well as with a standard FAIR sequence as representative of pulsed ASL. For all CASL measurements, the tagging duration was 2 s; with a delay of 1s before acquiring 7 slices (ss-ACASL: 1 slice). Only the center slice was used for futher analysis. Figure 1 shows the perfusion images as generated with FSL from the same slice in one volunteer acquired with all five sequences. Voxels with a significant perfusion signal (Z = 3.7) are red. Sensitivity differences between the sequences result in a different number of significant voxels.

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 Dates: 2008-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1007/s10334-008-0125-3
BibTex Citekey: 5327
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Title: ESMRMB 2008 Congress: 25th Annual Meeting
Place of Event: Valencia, Spain
Start-/End Date: 2008-10-02 - 2008-10-04

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Title: Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Amsterdam : No longer published by Elsevier
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 21 (Supplement 1) Sequence Number: 315 Start / End Page: 205 Identifier: ISSN: 0968-5243
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954926245532