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  Pairwise Correlations and Multineuronal Firing Patterns in the Primary Visual Cortex of the Awake, Behaving Macaque

Berens, P., Ecker, A., Subramaniyan, M., Macke, J., Hauck, P., Bethge, M., et al. (2008). Pairwise Correlations and Multineuronal Firing Patterns in the Primary Visual Cortex of the Awake, Behaving Macaque. Poster presented at AREADNE 2008: Research in Encoding and Decoding of Neural Ensembles, Santorini, Greece.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-C933-9 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0003-912B-9
Genre: Poster

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 Creators:
Berens, P1, 2, Author              
Ecker, AS1, 2, Author              
Subramaniyan, M, Author
Macke, JH1, 2, Author              
Hauck, P, Author
Bethge, M1, 2, Author              
Tolias, AS, Author              
Affiliations:
1Research Group Computational Vision and Neuroscience, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497805              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Understanding the structure of multi-neuronal firing patterns has been a central quest and major challenge for systems neuroscience. In particular, how do pairwise interactions between neurons shape the firing patterns of neuronal ensembles in the cortex? To study this question, we recorded simultaneously from multiple single neurons in the primary visual cortex of an awake, behaving macaque using an array of chronically implanted tetrodes1. High contrast flashed and moving bars were used for stimulation, while the monkey was required to maintain fixation. In a similar vein to recent studies of in vitro preparations2,3,5, we applied maximum entropy analysis for the first time to the binary spiking patterns of populations of cortical neurons recorded in vivo from the awake macaque. We employed the Dichotomized Gaussian distribution, which can be seen as a close approximation to the pairwise maximum-entropy model for binary data4. Surprisingly, we find that even pairs of neurons with nearby receptive fields (receptive field center distance < 0.15°) have only weak correlations between their binary responses computed in bins of 10 ms (median absolute correlation coefficient: 0.014, 0.010-0.019, 95 confidence intervals, N=95 pairs; positive correlations: 0.015, N=59; negative correlations: -0.013, N=36). Accordingly, the distribution of spiking patterns of groups of 10 neurons is described well with a model that assumes independence between individual neurons (Jensen-Shannon-Divergence: 1.06×10-2 independent model, 0.96×10-2 approximate second-order maximum-entropy model4; H/H1=0.992). These results suggest that the distribution of firing patterns of small cortical networks in the awake animal is predominantly determined by the mean activity of the participating cells, not by their interactions. Meaningful computations, however, are performed by neuronal populations much larger than 10 neurons. Therefore, we investigated how weak pairwise correlations affect the firing patterns of artificial populations4 of up to 1000 cells with the same correlation structure as experimentally measured. We find that in neuronal ensembles of this size firing patterns with many active or silent neurons occur considerably more often than expected from a fully independent population (e.g. 130 or more out of 1000 neurons are active simultaneously roughly every 300 ms in the correlated model and only once every 3-4 seconds in the independent model). These results suggest that the firing patterns of cortical networks comparable in size to several minicolumns exhibit a rich structure, even if most pairs appear relatively independent when studying small subgroups thereof.

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 Dates: 2008-06
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: URI: http://www.areadne.org/2008/home.html
BibTex Citekey: 5100
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Title: AREADNE 2008: Research in Encoding and Decoding of Neural Ensembles
Place of Event: Santorini, Greece
Start-/End Date: 2008-06-26 - 2008-06-29

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Title: AREADNE 2008: Research in Encoding and Decoding of Neural Ensembles
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Pezaris, JS, Editor
Hatsopoulos, NG, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: -
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 46 Identifier: ISSN: 2155-3203