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  An Automated Combination of Kernels for Predicting Protein Subcellular Localization

Zien, A., & Ong, C. (2007). An Automated Combination of Kernels for Predicting Protein Subcellular Localization. Talk presented at NIPS 2007 Workshop on Machine Learning in Computational Biology (MLCB 2007). Whistler, BC, Canada. 2007-12-07 - 2007-12-08. Retrieved from http://nips.cc/Conferences/2007/Program/schedule.php?Session=Workshops.

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 Creators:
Zien, A1, 2, Author              
Ong, CS1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497795              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Protein subcellular localization is a crucial ingredient to many important inferences about cellular processes, including prediction of protein function and protein interactions.We propose a new class of protein sequence kernels which considers all motifs including motifs with gaps. This class of kernels allows the inclusion of pairwise amino acid distances into their computation. We utilize an extension of the multiclass support vector machine (SVM)method which directly solves protein subcellular localization without resorting to the common approach of splitting the problem into several binary classification problems. To automatically search over families of possible amino acid motifs, we optimize over multiple kernels at the same time. We compare our automated approach to four other predictors on three different datasets, and show that we perform better than the current state of the art. Furthermore, our method provides some insights as to which features are most useful for determining subcellular localization, which are in agreement with biological reasoning.

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 Dates: 2007-12
 Publication Status: Published online
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Title: NIPS 2007 Workshop on Machine Learning in Computational Biology (MLCB 2007)
Place of Event: Whistler, BC, Canada
Start-/End Date: 2007-12-07 - 2007-12-08
Invited: Yes

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