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  An Auditory Paradigm for Brain-Computer Interfaces

Hill, N., Lal, T., Bierig, K., Birbaumer, N., & Schölkopf, B. (2005). An Auditory Paradigm for Brain-Computer Interfaces. In L. Saul, Y. Weiss, & L. Bottou (Eds.), Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 17 (pp. 569-576). Cambridge, MA, USA: MIT Press.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-D517-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-2167-2
Genre: Conference Paper

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 Creators:
Hill, NJ1, 2, Author              
Lal, TN1, 2, Author              
Bierig, K1, 2, Author              
Birbaumer, N, Author
Schölkopf, B1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497795              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Motivated by the particular problems involved in communicating with "locked-in" paralysed patients, we aim to develop a brain-computer interface that uses auditory stimuli. We describe a paradigm that allows a user to make a binary decision by focusing attention on one of two concurrent auditory stimulus sequences. Using Support Vector Machine classification and Recursive Channel Elimination on the independent components of averaged event-related potentials, we show that an untrained user's EEG data can be classified with an encouragingly high level of accuracy. This suggests that it is possible for users to modulate EEG signals in a single trial by the conscious direction of attention, well enough to be useful in BCI.

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Language(s):
 Dates: 2005-07
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 2794
 Degree: -

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Title: Eighteenth Annual Conference on Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS 2004)
Place of Event: Vancouver, BC, Canada
Start-/End Date: 2004-12-13 - 2004-12-16

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Title: Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 17
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Saul, LK, Editor
Weiss, Y, Editor
Bottou, L, Editor
Affiliations:
-
Publ. Info: Cambridge, MA, USA : MIT Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 569 - 576 Identifier: ISBN: 0-262-19534-8