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  Improving automatic pedestrian detection by means of human perception

Vuong, Q., & Castrillión-Santana, M. (2005). Improving automatic pedestrian detection by means of human perception. Poster presented at 8th Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2005), Tübingen, Germany.

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 Creators:
Vuong, QC1, 2, Author              
Castrillión-Santana, M, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: The present study investigates the detection of pedestrians by humans and by computer vision systems. This simple task is accomplished easily and quickly by human observers but still poses a challenge for current systems. In the computer vision community, different automatic detection systems have been designed using simple features to detect faces, heads and shoulders, full bodies and leg regions. With these regions, these systems perform fairly well but still have high miss rates. However, we found a small correlation between the performance of these systems and human observers. This finding motivated us to systematically analyze human performance on a pedestrian detection task that tests whether these regions are the most semantically useful and whether other regions can also provide useful information. For that purpose, we used a psychophysical “bubbles” technique[1] to isolate those regions used by humans for detection. In this technique, images containing aligned pedestrian and non-pedestrian scenes are revealed through a mask of small randomly distributed gaussian windows (“bubbles”). Across observers, masks leading to correct “present” responses are summed and normalized to reveal image regions that were useful for detection. Our results indicate that observers relied predominantly on head and leg regions, and to a lesser extent on arm regions. These results confirm some of the regions already considered by automatic pedestrian detectors. An important question is: Among those regions that are particularly discriminable are some more critical than others for certain pattern matching problems? To address this question, the regions selected by human observers were applied to a general object detection framework designed by Viola and Jones[2]. This framework has already been successfully applied to different objects categories, and it is well known in the face detection community because it provides real-time performance. In sum, we believe that this perceptually-based approach can be useful for assigning different weights to regions and points not only based on their discriminability but also on their perceptual significance for the problem considered.

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 Dates: 2005-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 4013
 Degree: -

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Title: 8th Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2005)
Place of Event: Tübingen, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2005-02-25 - 2005-02-27

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Title: 8th Tübingen Perception Conference: TWK 2005
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Bülthoff, HH1, Editor            
Mallot, HA1, Editor            
Ulrich, R, Editor
Wichmann, FA1, Editor            
Affiliations:
1 Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794            
Publ. Info: Kirchentellinsfurt, Germany : Knirsch
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 68 Identifier: ISBN: 3-927091-70-7