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  Interactions between audition and vision for face recognition

Bülthoff, I., & Newell, F. (2004). Interactions between audition and vision for face recognition. Poster presented at 27th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2004), Budapest, Hungary.

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Bülthoff, I1, 2, Author              
Newell, FN, Author              
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1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: We can recognise distinctive faces more easily than typical ones. We investigated whether this distinctiveness effect appears for visually typical faces when these faces have been associated with features that are distinctive in another sensory modality. Participants first learned a set of unfamiliar faces. During learning, half of these faces were paired with distinctive auditory stimuli and half with typical stimuli. In experiment 1, the auditory stimuli were voices. We found that recognition performance in a visual recognition test was significantly (p < 0.005) better for faces that had been paired with distinctive voices. In experiment 2, we tested whether voice information improved face recognition directly by association or whether distinctiveness effects were due to enhanced attention during learning. In a priming experiment, participants recognised a face significantly faster (p <0.05) when this face was preceded by its congruent voice. Thus the quality of auditory information can affect recognition in another modality like vision. In experiment 3, the stimuli consisted of non-speech sounds. In this experiment, we tested whether voices and faces represent a special case of cross-modal memory enhancement or whether this distinctiveness effect occurs also with more arbitrary associations. Recognition performance in a visual recognition test suggests that a similar effect is present.

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 Dates: 2004-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 3067
DOI: 10.1068/ecvp04a
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Title: 27th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP 2004)
Place of Event: Budapest, Hungary
Start-/End Date: 2004-08-22 - 2004-08-26

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Title: Perception
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Pion Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 33 (ECVP Abstract Supplement) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 108 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-0066
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925509369