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  The inaccuracy and insincerity of real faces

Cunningham, D., Breidt, M., Kleiner, M., Wallraven, C., & Bülthoff, H. (2003). The inaccuracy and insincerity of real faces. In H. Hamza (Ed.), 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing (VIIP 2003) (pp. 7-12). Anaheim, CA, USA: Acta Press.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-DBBF-2 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-7126-1
Genre: Conference Paper

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 Creators:
Cunningham, DW1, 2, Author              
Breidt, M1, 2, Author              
Kleiner, M1, 2, Author              
Wallraven, C1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Since conversation is a central human activity, the synthesis of proper conversational behavior for Virtual Humans will become a critical issue. Facial expressions represent a critical part of interpersonal communication. Even with the most sophisticated, photo-realistic head model, an avatar who's behavior is unbelievable or even uninterpretable will be an inefficient or possibly counterproductive conversational partner. Synthesizing expressions can be greatly aided by a detailed description of which facial motions are perceptually necessary and sufficient. Here, we recorded eight core expressions from six trained individuals using a method-acting approach. We then psychophysically determined how recognizable and believable those expressions were. The results show that people can identify these expressions quite well, although there is some systematic confusion between particular expressions. The results also show that people found the expressions to be less than convincing. The pattern of confusions and believability ratings demonstrates that there is considerable variation in natural expressions and that even real facial expressions are not always understood or believed. Moreover, the results provide the ground work necessary to begin a more fine-grained analysis of the core components of these expressions. As some initial results from a model-based manipulation of the image sequences shows, a detailed description of facial expressions can be an invaluable aid in the synthesis of unambiguous and believable Virtual Humans.

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 Dates: 2003-09
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 2096
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Title: 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing (VIIP 2003)
Place of Event: Benalmádena, Spain
Start-/End Date: 2003-09-08 - 2003-09-10

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Title: 3rd IASTED International Conference on Visualization, Imaging, and Image Processing (VIIP 2003)
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Hamza, HM, Editor
Affiliations:
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Publ. Info: Anaheim, CA, USA : Acta Press
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 7 - 12 Identifier: ISBN: 0-88986-382-2