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  The contributions of color to recognition memory for natural scenes

Wichmann, F., Sharpe, L., & Gegenfurtner, K. (2002). The contributions of color to recognition memory for natural scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28(3), 509-520. doi:10.1037/0278-7393.28.3.509.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-DFBE-8 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-8428-9
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Wichmann, FA1, 2, Author              
Sharpe, LT, Author
Gegenfurtner, KR2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Empirical Inference, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497795              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              
3Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              

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 Abstract: The authors used a recognition memory paradigm to assess the influence of color information on visual memory for images of natural scenes. Subjects performed 5-10 better for colored than for black-and-white images independent of exposure duration. Experiment 2 indicated little influence of contrast once the images were suprathreshold, and Experiment 3 revealed that performance worsened when images were presented in color and tested in black and white, or vice versa, leading to the conclusion that the surface property color is part of the memory representation. Experiments 4 and 5 exclude the possibility that the superior recognition memory for colored images results solely from attentional factors or saliency. Finally, the recognition memory advantage disappears for falsely colored images of natural scenes: The improvement in recognition memory depends on the color congruence of presented images with learned knowledge about the color gamut found within natural scenes. The results can be accounted for within a multiple memory systems framework.

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 Dates: 2002-05
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1037/0278-7393.28.3.509
BibTex Citekey: 1136
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Title: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Washington, D.C. : American Psychological Association (PsycARTICLES)
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 28 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 509 - 520 Identifier: ISSN: 0278-7393
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954927606766