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  Attention to visual or vestibular cue appears not to change the weights in the sensor fusion process during body yaw-rotation perception

Berger, D., von der Heyde, M., & Bülthoff, H. (2002). Attention to visual or vestibular cue appears not to change the weights in the sensor fusion process during body yaw-rotation perception. Poster presented at 5. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2002), Tübingen, Germany.

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 Creators:
Berger, D1, 2, Author           
von der Heyde, M1, 2, Author           
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author           
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Using attention, humans can control to what extent which sensory information is granted
access to higher brain areas. Since perception is often the result of a combination of different
sensory cues, the question arises whether attention can also change the relative
weights of the relevant cues in this sensor fusion process and thus influence the resulting
percept. This question was studied on the example of body yaw rotations. The perception
of the angle of body rotation is influenced by both visual and vestibular/proprioceptive
cues. We measured how subjects reproduced rotations in a cue conflict situation.
Subjects were rotated sitting on a Stewart motion platform with a projection screen (86° x
63°). The visual stimulus was a random-dot starfield providing optic flow information
during rotation. The stars had a limited lifetime to prevent subjects from using them as
reference points. Active-noise-cancellation headphones were used to prevent an uncontrolled
influence of auditory cues. For each trial, first a concurrent rotation (between 7.5°
and 18° in 6 steps) of the platform and the visual display was presented. The subjects
were then instructed to either return or repeat the presented rotation actively by using a
joystick. During their active reproduction of the turn, we applied a gain factor between
the visual and vestibular rotation (rotation speeds of the visual movement relative to the
platform movement varied between 0.71 and 1.42 in 5 steps). Using these gain factors allowed
us to analyze the weights of the two cues in the subjects’ responses, and to investigate
the influence of the rotation angle and the gain factors on the cue weights. In a second
and third experiment, the subjects were additionally instructed to pay attention
specifically to the visual movement or to the platform movement.
Subjects were able to reproduce the angles with standard deviations of 5° - 15°, but
tended to over-estimate small rotation angles by 1.5°. However, they did not notice that
conflicting rotation angles were presented for visual and vestibular cues. In all three experiments
subjects used a stronger weight for the visual cue than for the vestibular/proprioceptive
cue. In experiment 2 and 3 no significant influence of attention on the perception
of the rotations was found. Apparently, in human body rotation perception, the
weights in the sensor fusion process can not be voluntarily changed by attention processes.

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 Dates: 2002-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
 Publishing info: -
 Table of Contents: -
 Rev. Type: -
 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 1318
 Degree: -

Event

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Title: 5. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz (TWK 2002)
Place of Event: Tübingen, Germany
Start-/End Date: 2002-02-22 - 2002-02-24

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Title: TWK 2002: Beiträge zur 5. Tübinger Wahrnehmungskonferenz
Source Genre: Proceedings
 Creator(s):
Bülthoff, HH1, Editor           
Gegenfurtner, KR, Editor           
Mallot, HA, Editor           
Ulrich, R, Editor
Affiliations:
1 Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497794            
Publ. Info: Kirchentellinsfurt, Germany : Knirsch
Pages: - Volume / Issue: - Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 186 Identifier: ISBN: 3-927091-56-1