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  Cone specific adaptation and color constancy

Wehrhahn, C., & Teufel, H. (2001). Cone specific adaptation and color constancy. Poster presented at First Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2001), Sarasota, FL, USA.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-E177-4 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-A9B1-4
Genre: Poster

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 Creators:
Wehrhahn, C1, 2, Author              
Teufel, H2, 3, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Physiology of Cognitive Processes, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497798              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              
3Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              

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 Abstract: We previously defined a new cone difference space by choosing cone fundamentals such that the measured detection ellipses map into a circle (Teufel Wehrhahn 2000). On a plane of equal luminance we chose 16 equally detectable colors situated in a circle around white. These colors can be described by the azimuth angle phi on the isoluminant plane. When the points representing the colors are equidistant in phi, they are equally discriminable. Projecting these points onto the cone contrast axes c(L) and c(M) and c(S) yields sinusoidal functions of the azimuth angle phi with characteristic phase angles. When these colors surround a small white test-field, human observers perceive shifts in color whose locus in cone space is measured. Plotting these shifts on the three cone contrast axes yields 2pi-periodic functions of phi. Different phase shifts are predicted depending on cone specific adaptation or opponent chromatic mechanisms underlying the perceived shifts. We showed in a previous paper that the shifts observed under binocular conditions can be explained solely by opponent chromatic mechanisms (Teufel Wehrhahn, submitted). This indicates that under binocular viewing conditions the gains of all photoreceptors change simultaneously in the two eyes. Using dichoptic stimulation the effects of adaptation are quantified when a colored surround is presented to one eye only. This shows that the effects of cone specific adaptation as defined in our experiments are not perceived under normal (isoluminant) viewing conditions. This makes them a powerful tool for color constancy. A model that predicts excitatory interactions between color opponent units accounts for red-green induction. On the basis of our data a new inducing mechanism is postulated which consists of opposed M- and L-cone inputs with the latter having more than twice the magnitude of the former.

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 Dates: 2001-12
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Rev. Method: -
 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1167/1.3.362
BibTex Citekey: WehrhahnT2001
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Title: First Annual Meeting of the Vision Sciences Society (VSS 2001)
Place of Event: Sarasota, FL, USA
Start-/End Date: 2001-05

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Title: Journal of Vision
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Charlottesville, VA : Scholar One, Inc.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 1 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 362 Identifier: ISSN: 1534-7362
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/111061245811050