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  Facial aging, attractiveness, and distinctiveness

Deffenbacher, K., Vetter, T., Johanson, J., & O'Toole, A. (1998). Facial aging, attractiveness, and distinctiveness. Perception, 27(10), 1233-1243. doi:10.1068/p271233.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-E7DB-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-C760-E
Genre: Journal Article

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Deffenbacher, KA, Author
Vetter, T1, 2, Author              
Johanson, J, Author
O'Toole, AJ, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: A standard facial caricature algorithm has been applied to a three-dimensional (3-D) representation of human heads, those of Caucasian male and female young adults. Observers viewed unfamiliar faces at four levels of caricature -- anticaricature, veridical, moderate caricature, and extreme caricature -- and made ratings of attractiveness and distinctiveness (experiment 1) or learned to identify them (experiment 2). There were linear increases in perceived distinctiveness andlinear decreases in perceived attractiveness as the degree of facial caricature (Euclidean distance from the average face in 3-D-grounded face space) increased. Observers learned to identify faces presented at either level of positive caricature more efficiently than they did with either uncaricatured or anticaricatured faces. Using the same faces, 3-D representation, and caricature levels, O'Toole, Vetter, Volz, and Salter (1997, Perception 26 719 - 732) had shown a linear increase in judgments of face age as a function of degree of caricature. Here it is concluded that older-appearing faces are less attractive, but more distinctive and memorable than younger-appearing faces, those closer to the average face.

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 Dates: 1998-10
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: DOI: 10.1068/p271233
BibTex Citekey: 1883
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Title: Perception
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: London : Pion Ltd.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 27 (10) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1233 - 1243 Identifier: ISSN: 0301-0066
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/954925509369