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  Interdependence of feature dimensions in the representation of 3D objects

Edelman, S., Bülthoff, H., & Bülthoff, I. (1996). Interdependence of feature dimensions in the representation of 3D objects. Poster presented at Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO 1996), Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0013-EB96-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/21.11116/0000-0005-F343-D
Genre: Poster

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 Creators:
Edelman, S1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, HH1, 2, Author              
Bülthoff, I1, 2, Author              
Affiliations:
1Department Human Perception, Cognition and Action, Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, ou_1497797              
2Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, Max Planck Society, Spemannstrasse 38, 72076 Tübingen, DE, ou_1497794              

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 Abstract: Purpose. The dimensions of the representation space of 3D objects may be independent, if nonaccidental - generic or qualitative shape contrasts serve as the distinguishing features. Alternatively, the dimensions can be interdependent, as predicted by some theories that postulate metric feature-space representations. To explore this issue, we studied human performance in forced-choice classification of objects composed of 4 geon-like parts, emanating from a common center. Methods. The two class prototypes were distinguished by qualitative contrasts (cross-section shape; bulge/waist), and by metric parameters (degree of bulge/waist, taper ratio). Subjects were trained to discriminate between the two prototypes (shown briefly, from a number of viewpoints, in stereo) in a 1-interval forced-choice task, until they reached a 90% correct-response performance level. Subsequent trials involved both original and modified versions of the prototypes; the latter were obtained by varying the metric parameters both orthogonally (ORTHO) and in parallel (PARA) to the line connecting the prototypes in the parameter space. Results. 8 out of 11 subjects succeeded to learn the task within the allotted time. For these subjects, the error rates increased progressively with the parameter-space displacement between the stimulus and the corresponding prototype. The effect of ORTHO displacement was significant: F(1, 68) = 3.6, p < 0.06. There was also a hint of a marginal PARA displacement effect: F(1, 68) = 1.9, p = 0.17 Conclusions. Theories that postulate exclusive reliance on qualitative contrasts (such as Biederman's Recognition By Components) predict near-perfect discrimination performance for stimuli derived from the prototypes both by PARA and by ORTHO parameter-space displacement. Our results contradict this prediction, and support the notion of a metric representation space, in which any displacement away from the familiar region incurs performance costs.

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 Dates: 1996-02
 Publication Status: Published in print
 Pages: -
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 Identifiers: BibTex Citekey: 568
 Degree: -

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Title: Annual Meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO 1996)
Place of Event: Fort Lauderdale, FL, USA
Start-/End Date: 1996-04-21 - 1996-04-26

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Title: Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science
Source Genre: Journal
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Publ. Info: Hagerstown, MD, etc. : Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, etc.
Pages: - Volume / Issue: 37 (3) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: S1125 Identifier: ISSN: 0146-0404
CoNE: https://pure.mpg.de/cone/journals/resource/110978984074949