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  hi2-1, A QTL which improves harvest index, earliness and alters metabolite accumulation of processing tomatoes

Gur, A., Osorio, S., Fridman, E., Fernie, A. R., & Zamir, D. (2010). hi2-1, A QTL which improves harvest index, earliness and alters metabolite accumulation of processing tomatoes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 121(8), 1587-1599. doi:10.1007/s00122-010-1412-8.

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Item Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-23FD-0 Version Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/11858/00-001M-0000-0014-23FE-E
Genre: Journal Article

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 Creators:
Gur, A.1, Author
Osorio, S.2, Author              
Fridman, E.1, Author
Fernie, A. R.2, Author              
Zamir, D.1, Author
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1External Organizations, ou_persistent22              
2Central Metabolism, Department Willmitzer, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Max Planck Society, ou_1753339              

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Free keywords: quantitative trait locus self-pruning gene flowering-time heading date fruit size lycopersicon-esculentum epistatic interactions artificial selection natural variation green-revolution
 Abstract: Harvest index, defined as the ratio of reproductive yield to total plant biomass, and early ripening are traits with important agronomic value in processing tomatoes. The Solanum pennellii introgression-line (IL) population shows variation for harvest index and earliness. Most of the QTL mapped for these traits display negative agronomic effects; however, hi2-1 is a unique QTL displaying improved harvest index and earliness. This introgression was tested over several years and under different genetic backgrounds. Thirty-one nearly isogenic sub-lines segregating for the 18 cM TG33-TG276 interval were used for fine mapping of this multi-phenotypic QTL. Based on this analysis the phenotypic effects for plant weight, Brix, total yield and earliness were co-mapped to the same region. In a different mapping experiment these sub-lines were tested as heterozygotes in order to map the harvest index QTL which were only expressed in the heterozygous state. These QTL mapped to the same candidate region, suggesting that hi2-1 is either a single gene with pleiotropic effects or represents linked genes independently affecting these traits. Metabolite profiling of the fruit pericarp revealed that a number of metabolic QTL co-segregate with the harvest index trait including those for important transport assimilates such as sugars and amino acids. Analysis of the flowering pattern of these lines revealed induced flowering at IL2-1 plants, suggest that hi2-1 may also affect harvest index and early ripening by changing plant architecture and flowering rate.

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Language(s): eng - English
 Dates: 2010
 Publication Status: Published in print
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 Identifiers: ISI: ISI:000283501900016
DOI: 10.1007/s00122-010-1412-8
ISSN: 0040-5752
URI: ://000283501900016 http://www.springerlink.com/content/1236427522014140/fulltext.pdf
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Title: Theoretical and Applied Genetics
Source Genre: Journal
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Pages: - Volume / Issue: 121 (8) Sequence Number: - Start / End Page: 1587 - 1599 Identifier: -